Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Law 1

Chapter 1 Law

Define justice doing what is right and fair
morality/conscience the ideas of duties and ethics
When is a law created? when governmental people agree that an action should be labeled right or wrong
What is often said about the job of policemen, prosecutors, and judges to enforce the law and not decide whether a law is unjust, unwise or obsolete
Laws are vast, complex and confusing that a great deal of individual judgment and discretion must be applied in deciding how and whether to apply the law in particular cases
norms numerous rules
kin police system justice was the responsibility of all the family members
earliest law enforcement groups were selected warriors
Code of Hammurabi a set of written laws inscribed on stone, is the first set of codified laws. Dictated everyday life in Babylon
Who enforced the Code of Hammurabi 'messengers', like a law enforcement officer.
What was the 'messengers' duties? detect civil and criminal violation, and punish people who do crimes
Where did the word police orginate from? Maybe in Greece, since Greece used words like polis and politeia.
Where was the first non-military and non-mercenary police force established? Rome
Vigils the police force in Rome. Agumented the daytime force.
staves wooden clubs - the weapons used by vigils
King Alfred of England established the tithing system.
How a tithing system work the local villages organized into groups of ten families. 10 families were known as tithing and its leader was the tithingman. Tithingman and anyone can notify of a crime. 10 tithing form a hundred whose leader is the hundredman.
communal law enforcement established by the Norman
Frankpledge system modification of the tithing system. Leader has to pledge loyalty to the king. Leader granted police power and served as a judge.
Shires counties
watch and ward system patrol function within a community. Males did this job. Inefficient system
Statute of Winchester (created in 1285) was the 1st English attempt at a systematic police system
Bailiffs (created by the Statute of Winchester) make inquiry of people
What ended the traditional civilian police activity The Industrial Revolution and the urbanization ended the activity
Bow Street Runners (created by Henry Fieldings) a small group of officers who worked directly for the Judge
Sir Robert Peel Home Secretary of England and later Prime Minister
Metropolitan Police Improvement Bill designed to improve the police. The people called the police 'peelers'
Cold Bath Fields riot of 1833 the violence against the police resulted in the death of an officer. The jury found the killer not guilty. This decision caused the public to support the police
Pendleton Act of 1883 improve the police system by use of merit systems
Riot at Astor Theather in New York Mob of thousands and 320 policemen were fighting. 31 people died. This led to the formal training for police
Texas Ranger 1835 The 1st state police agency
Utah Highway Patrol Have full police powers. Regulate traffic and enforce state laws on state highways
U.S. Marshals Office of 1789 the 1st federal gency, oversee law enforcement in the west
Secret Service of 1865 eliminate the counterfeiting of the U.S. currency. Guard the president and politicains
Federal Bureau of Investigation investigators looked into the transportation of women across the state lines for immoral purposes
3 basic functions performed by police agencies 1) fight criminal law violations 2) enforce laws like traffic control 3) serve miscellaneous functions (ambulance, civil process, jail, guards)
Sir Robert Peel's beliefs about law enforcement 1) police must be stable, efficient, and organized 2) police must be under government control 3) efficient police will result in the absence of crime 4) distribution of crime news is important 5) must act in the right time at the right place
Sir Robert 9 principles of policing 1) police exist to prevent crime 2)police perform their duties upon public consent 3) get the pulic to observe the law
7th amendment confirmed that citizens have the right to use civil court, have a jury, have decision based on common law
14th Amendment incorporated the Bill of Rights into state constitution
Created by: Tiffastic