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Vocabulary for CALP

pragmatics the component of language that pertains to USE
morphology the component of language that relates to word parts
syntax the component of language that relates to correct sentence structure
semantics the component of language that relates to UNDERSTANDING words
free morpheme a morpheme that has meaning on its own and can stand alone
bound morpheme a morpheme that must be connected to a base word
allophone a variation of a speech sound depending on the position in the word
chameleon prefix a prefix that evolved over time to create euphony
euphony a pleasing sound
analytic phonics when we break apart the sounds of a language
synthetic phonics when we put the sounds of language together
phonemic/phoneme awareness an awareness of the smallest units of sound in speech
Phonological awareness awareness of the sounds and sound structures in spoken language; the ability to process and manipulate sounds
phonics a system to teach decoding of letters and sounds
phonetics the system of speech sounds in any specific language
norm-referenced test compares ability via a sample size of a diverse population that sets the expectation (compares to others)
Standard Error of Measurement (SEM) deviation or range of error in a test or experiment
morpheme the smallest unit of meaning in a language
5 phoneme tasks segmentation, blending, substitution (chaining), counting, detecting position
voiced sounds considered open phonemes; vibrate
unvoiced sounds considered closed; do not vibrate
Simple View of Reading (SVR) decoding + language comprehension
Six syllable types V, VC, VcE, VV, VR, FSS
TPR Total Physical Response in learning
phoneme the smallest unit of sound
graphophonemic knowledge the understanding of the sound - symbol relationship
open syllable ends in one vowel
5 components of literacy Phonological Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary and comprehension
Structured Literacy components phonology, orthography, syntax, morphology, semantics
The rabbit rule double the medial consonant
The changing rule change y to i before a vowel suffix
Double the final consonant double F, L and S in a one syllable word after a short vowel
Foundational Skills for Decoding graphophonemic awareness and instant recognition
encoding spelling (learning of sound to symbol relationship)
decoding reading (transforming symbols to words)
inflectional morphemes morpeheme added to the end of a word that shows the quantity, plural or possesive, verb tense, and/or degree (pant, pants) (walk, walked)
derivational morpheme morpheme added to a base word to create a new word (cheerful, preview, careless)
syllable a word or part of a word made with one opening and closing of the mouth and has one vowel sound
working memory short term memory; you have to hold it
core features of dyslexia Problems with phonological awareness, decoding and spelling
secondary features of dyslexia trouble with fluency, vocabulary, comprehension and composition
double deficit of dyslexia trouble with rapid automatic naming (RAN) and phonological awareness
number of phonemes in English 44
related disorders of dyslexia trouble with mental health: anxiety, depression, low self-esteem/self-image
dysgraphia difficulty writing legibly, copying and taking notes
dyscalculia difficuty with numbers- calculating math/problem solving
attention disorders ADD/ADHD
Dyspraxia born with it; difficulty with precision and movement of the mouth
Apraxia acquired; difficulty with precision and movement of the mouth
Dysarthria difficulty pronouncing words
Broca's area region of the brain responsible for speech
metacognition the conscious choice of strategies used to accomplish a task
modality a specific sensory pathway that engages the visual ,auditory and kinesthetic senses in learning
qualitative research research based on observation
quantitative research based on experimental design
consonant prefix a prefix that ends with a consonant
consonant suffix a suffix that begins with a consonant
vowel prefix a prefix that ends with a vowel
vowel suffix a suffix that begins with a vowel
Created by: melissa.solis
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