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IPC Properties

Properties of Matter

TermDefinition
Element A pure substance that is made from a single type of atom.
Compound A substance formed from two or more elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition.
Matter Something that occupies space and contains mass
Metal Known for conducting electricity and heat well; strong, shiny, and hard. They are also often malleable, meaning they can be shaped without breaking or cracking.
Nonmetal They are generally poor conductors of heat and electricity. Solid nonmetals are generally brittle, with little or no metallic luster. Most nonmetals have the ability to gain electrons easily. 
Metalloid An element that properties of metals and nonmetals.
Physical Properties Properties that do not change the chemical nature of matter. 
Texture The visual or tactile surface characteristics and an object.
Odor A smell or a scent.
Color Caused by differing qualities of light being reflected or emitted by them.
Density A measure of the mass of the substance per unit volume.
Viscosity The resistance of a liquid to flow/move.
Buoyancy The upward force that a fluid exerts on an object that is less dense.
Boiling Point The temperature where liquid turns into vapor.
Freezing Point The temperature that a liquid is transformed into a solid; the freezing and melting point are the same.
Melting Point The temperature when a solid is transformed into a liquid.
Solubility The amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a given amount of solvent.
Polarity The way in which atoms bond with each other. When atoms come together in chemical bonding, they share electrons. 
Magnetism The ability to attract or repel other materials.
Hardness The amount of dissolved calcium and magnesium in the water.
Ductility The ability to made into a wire.
Malleability The ability to be made into thin sheets.
Brittle Easily broken or shattered.
Conductivity The ability to conduct electricity or heat.
Elasticity A physical property of a material where the material returns to its original shape after being deformed.
Mass The amount of matter in an object.
Chemical Property A characteristic or behavior of a substance that may be observed when it undergoes a chemical change or reaction.
Flammability Easily ignited and capable of burning easily.
Toxicity The strength of a poison.
Radioactivity The emission of ionizing radiation or particles caused by the spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.
Basic/Base Substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue).
Acidic A molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+).
Solid A substance having a definite shape and volume; one that is neither liquid nor gaseous.
Liquid The state of matter in which a substance has an indefinite shape and volume.
Gas Low density and viscosity, large expansions and contractions with changes in pressure and temperature. The ability to diffuse readily, and the tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container.
Crystalline Solid A solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Amorphous Solid A type of solid that lacks definition in shape, pattern and long-range order. 
Volume Measures size in three dimensions.
Heat The result of the movement of tiny particles called atoms, molecules or ions in solids, liquids and gases; objects increase in temperature.
Temperature A measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules in the system.
Melting Change of a solid into a liquid when heat is applied.
Freezing Turned into ice or another solid as a result of extreme cold.
Condensation Water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid air is in contact with it.
Evaporation The process of turning from liquid into vapor.
Deposition Molecules settle out of a solution; going from a gas to solid.
Sublimation A solid changing into a gas without going through a liquid stage.
Created by: tneal1