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Stack #30440

reference group a social group that serves as a point of reference in making evaluations and decisions
primary group a small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships
secondary group a large and impersonal group whose members pursue a specific goal or specific activity
in-group a social group toward which a member feels respect and commitment
out-group a social group toward wich a person feels a sense of compotition or opposition
groupthink the tendency of group members to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some issues
instrumental leadership group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks
expressive leadership group leadership that focuses on the groups well-being
oligarchy the rule of many by few
vertical mobility moving between stratum in the stratification system. moving to higher or lower status. ex. a carpenter to VP construction (upward)
social stratification a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
category a number of people who may have never met but share similar social characteristics (race, age, sex) ex: all men in US
Aggregate a funch of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time. Ex: everyone in the Union at noon.
Horizontal Mobility Movement that takes place within one stratum. moving from one status to another roughly euivalent status
intergenerational mobility (up/down) change in status of family members from one generation to the next.
Caste System A closed stratum system where boundaries are very clearly drawn and very difficult to change. A persons position tends to be determined at birth by race etc. Life Long (ascribed)
Class system an open stratum system where te boundaries are flexible and people can change their position through effort or failuer. your position is the same as your family but changeable. Linked to personal achievement
Intragenerational mobility The status changes during a persons lifetime. movement from one occupation to another.
sex the biological distinction between male/female
gender the personal traits and social positions that members of society attatch to being male/female.
nonconcious ideology beliefs that are so ingrained we can't fathom other concepts. we don't know we have these beliefs until an alternative appears
homophobia the irrational fear/hatred of homosexuals
androgyny the idea that all people have bot masculine and feminine attributes
misogyny the cultural devauluation and/or hatred of women as well as those tings associated with femaninity
total institution a setting in whic people are isolated from te rest of society and manipulated by the administrative staff
anticipatory socialization learning that helps a person achieve a desired position
resocialization radically changing an inmates personality by carefully controlling the environment
gender stratification the unequal distribution of power, wealth, and privilege between men and women
Created by: susie09