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Forensic Psychology

TermDefinition
Monahan (1981) 4 outcomes to risk prediction 1) true positive 2) true negative 3) false positive 4) false negative
Ward (2002) The Good Lives Model people commit crimes to meet a need or achieve a good life
Social Exclusion Unit (2002) 7 pathways to reducing re-offending 1) accommodation 2) education, training, employment 3) children and families 4) finances, benefits, debt 5) attitudes, thinking and behaviour 6) drugs and alcohol 7) mental and physical health
Walton et al., (2017) The success wheel
Howells (2011) Intervention work should be focused on the specific needs of an individual
Fisher & Grieselman (1984) Cognitive interview allowing individuals to tell their story without influence
Busey and Loftus (2007) Recommendations to improve line-ups
Wells (1978) Eyewitness testimony factors estimator = what police cannot control system = what they can control
Loftus and Palmer (1974) Method of questioning car accident
Pickel (1999) Hairdresser robbery gun vs chicken
Steblay (1992) Weapon focus effect
Mann et al., (2010) Risk factors of sexual offending
Thornton (2000) RM2000 static risk assessment age, sexual offences, other offences, strangers, gender of victim
Marshall and Barbaree (1990) Integrated model of sexual offences developmental factors, adult attributes, immediate precursors to offending
Ward and Siegert (2002) Typology of sexual offenders 5 pathways
Finklehor's Pre-Condition Theory (1984) 4 preconditions must be satisfied before abuse occurs 1) motivation to sexually abuse 2) overcoming internal inhibitions 3) overcoming external inhibitions 4) overcoming resistance to abuse
Polashek (2006) 4 dynamic risk factor domains 1) attitudinal 2) impulsivity deficits 3) affective dyscontrol 4) lifestyle related needs
Anderson and Bushman (1992) General Aggression Model inputs, routes and outcomes
Huesmann (1986) Script theory we learn from observing others every time we perform the behaviour, the script is revised this creates shortcuts in our brain
Bandura (1977) Social Learning Theory environmental factors are key
Loeber and Strourhmer (1986) family factors in predicting violent crime
Eysencks' personality theory (1997) neuroticism, extraversion, psychoticism
Lombrosso's psychobiological theory violent criminals are anatomically different from non-criminals
Feshback (1964) distinguished between expressive and instrumental violence
UK Statistics Authority (2014) statistics based on police recorded crime data do not meet the required standard
Howitt (2006) 18-26% of cases are dropped by the victim
Crime Survey for England and Wales face-face victimisation study
Moffitt (1993) it is statistically aberrant to refrain from crime during adolescence
The age-crime curve best evidence for relationship between the two rapid increase followed by decrease gender differences
Farrington (1995; 2007) family correlates of antisocial behaviour low involvement, poor supervision, maltreatment, harsh, inconsistent punishment, crime in family, poverty
Oregon Youth Study stability over time, cycles of coercion, inept parenting
Lytton (1990) association between parenting styles and anti-social behaviour
Malvaso et al., (2016) maltreatment-offending link
Dishion et al., (1994) peer rejection influences
Emler and Reicher (1995) reputation management
Patterson et al., (1989) peers and antisocial behaviour
Moffitt (1993, 2002, 2006) explaining the age-crime curve
Moffitt (1993) adolescence-limited vs life-course persistent
Created by: 2478267918864033