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PSY Disorders

Vocabulary for Theme 8a

TermDefinition
DSM-5 Is the handbook used by health care professionals in the United States and much of the world as the authoritative guide to the diagnosis of mental disorders. It contains descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders.
Neurodevelopmental Disorders A group of conditions with onset in the developmental period. The disorders typically manifest early in development and are characterized by developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal, social, academic, or occupational functioning.
Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorders Are defined by abnormalities in one or more of the following five domains: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking (speech), grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior (including catatonia), and negative symptoms.
Bipolar and Related Disorders Are separated from the depressive disorders and are placed between schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders and depressive disorders because they have similar symptomatology, family history, and genetics.
Depressive Disorders The common feature of all of these disorders is the presence of sad, empty, or irritable mood, accompanied by somatic and cognitive changes that significantly affect the individual’s capacity to function.
Anxiety Disorders Include disorders that share features of excessive fear and anxiety and related behavioral disturbances. Fear is the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat, whereas anxiety is anticipation of future threat.
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, substance/medication-induced obsessive-compulsive and related disorder, obsessive-compulsive and related disorder due to another medical condition, ect.
Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders Include disorders in which exposure to a traumatic or stressful event is listed explicitly as a diagnostic criterion. These include reactive attachment disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder, and adjustment disorders.
Dissociative Disorders Are characterized by a disruption of and/or discontinuity in the normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control, and behavior. Symptoms can potentially disrupt every area of functioning.
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders All of the disorders share a common feature: the prominence of somatic symptoms associated with significant distress and impairment.
Feeding and Eating Disorders Are characterized by a persistent disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning.
Elimination Disorders All involve the inappropriate elimination of urine or feces and are usually first diagnosed in childhood or adolescence.
Sleep-Wake Disorders Individuals with these disorders typically present with sleep-wake complaints of dissatisfaction regarding the quality, timing, and amount of sleep. Resulting daytime distress and impairment are core features shared by all of these sleep-wake disorders.
Sexual Dysfunctions Are a heterogeneous group of disorders that are typically characterized by a clinically significant disturbance in a person’s ability to respond sexually or to experience sexual pleasure.
Gender Dysphoria Is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because there's a mismatch between their biological sex and gender identity. It's sometimes known as gender incongruence
Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders Include conditions involving problems in the self-control of emotions and behaviors that violate the rights of others and/or that bring the individual into significant conflict with societal norms or authority figures.
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders Are characterized by the continued use of substances despite their causing significant problems in important areas of an individual's life, such as family, school, or work.
Neurocognitive Disorders Is a general term that describes decreased mental function due to a medical disease other than a psychiatric illness.
Personality Disorders Is a pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment.
Paraphilic Disorders Are recurrent, intense, sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors that are distressing or disabling and that involve inanimate objects, children, or non-consenting adults.
Created by: tderue