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Social

Psychology

TermDefinition
Aggression any behavior intended to harm
Altruism refers to helping another person without expecting anything in return
Attitude a tendency to respond in a certain way to a class of people, objects, or an idea
Authoritarian characterized by high demands and low responsiveness
Brainwashing an extreme form of persuasion usually focused on stripping one of their individual identity
Cognitive Dissonance anxiety that occurs when our attitudes contradict our behavior
Complementary needs theory While many think that “opposites attract”, this is usually the exception instead of the rule
Compliance is the lowest level of conformity. Here a person changes their public behaviour, the way they act, but not their private beliefs
Conformity occurs when we perform an action because of group pressure
Consummate love if all three components, intimacy, passion, and commitment, are present
Deindividuation People in a group often feel they are anonymous and are more likely to engage in antisocial behaviors
Democratic also known as participative leadership or shared leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process
Diffusion of responsibility people feel less responsibility in the presence of others
Discrimination a behavior caused by stereotypes
Door-in-the-face a ridiculously large request is used to set up a smaller request
Ego support value our friends make us feel good about ourselves
Endogamy also called in-marriage and is the custom of marrying within one's cultural group or clan
Ethnocentrism tendency to use your own culture as the standard by which to judge and evaluate other cultures
Foot-in-the-door a small request is used to set up a larger request
Frustration-aggression hypothesis states that frustration often leads to aggressive behavior
Fundamental attribution error When we look at the behavior of others, we usually overestimate internal factors and underestimate external factors
Group norms Unspoken and often unwritten set of informal rules that govern individual behaviors in a group
Group polarization the tendency of group discussion to push members to a more extreme position
Groupthink valuing group harmony between members over making the correct decision
Halo effect one noticeable positive trait makes us believe that all traits are equally positive
Hawthorne effect a term referring to the tendency of some people to work harder and perform better when they are participants in an experiment
Homogamy in psychology is the tendency to marry people who are psychologically or physically similar to ourselves
Ideology idk
Inoculation a technique used to make people immune to attempts to change their attitude by first exposing them to small arguments against their position
Laissez-faire is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions
Obediance is when you comply with the request of an authority
Persuasion attempt to change another person’s attitude
Philip Zimbardo made stanford prison experiment
Physical proximity most likely to become involved with people who live near us
Prejudice an attitude caused by stereotypes
Primacy effect increased ability to recall items at the beginning of a list
Reciprocity people are more likely to return a favor when one is granted to them
Schema what we base are stereotypes on
Self handicapping set up a nearly impossible task or provide excuses for failure before the task even begins, used to maintain self-esteem
Self-fulfilling prophecy when a person unknowingly causes a prediction to come true, due to the simple fact that he or she expects it to come true
Self-serving bias When we are successful, we blame ourselves (internal factors). When we fail, we blame external factors
Social facilitation occurs when people perform better in front of a group than they do alone
Social inhibition performing a task worse in the presence of others
Social loafing our tendency to be lazy in a group, is another
Solomon Asch wanted to test the effect that peer pressure holds on conformity
Stanley milgram conducted the most famous experiment on obedience
Stereotype a characteristic applied to an entire group of people
Stimulation value our friends expose us to new ideas and situations
Triangular theory of love used to explain all types of love, Robert Sternberg
Utility value our friends help us achieve our personal goals
Created by: nailea89326