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Procedures lll

Digestive and Upper GI and Esophagus

QuestionAnswer
how long is the Muscular canal (Esophagus) 10 " long
where doesMuscular canal (Esophagus) it end at the stomach
The esophagus lies ________ plane. in the midsagittal
It originates at the level of the which veterbra disk sixth cervical vertebra
Esophagus located _________to the larynx and Trachea posterior
The esophagus joints the stomach where at the esophagogastric junction,
stomach at the esophagogastric junction is at what level level of the xiphoid tip
Digestive system consists of 2 parts : Accessory organs Alimentary canal-
what does the Alimentary canal consist of pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus (Termination point)
where does the Alimentary canal extend from and to mouth to the anus
what doest the Accessory organs teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
true or false the accessory organs secretes digestive enzymes into the alimentary canal true
where is the stomach located Esophagus and Small Intestine
what is the Cardiac Orifice- opening between the Esophagus and Stomach
what is theCardiac Antrum- Slightly expanded distal portion of the terminal esophagus
how many portions is the stomach broken into and name them 4 parts: Cardia, Fundus, Body and pyloric portion
describe the cardia the section immediately surrounding the esophageal opening
describe the fundus Balloon portion that lies lateral and superior to the cardia orifice(Opening between the Esophagus and stomach).
describe the fundus in the erect position In the erect position, the fundus is usually air filled (Gastric Bubble)
where is the body of the stomach located Sits between the fundus and pyloru
what is rugae Internal muscosal folds in the lining of an empty stomach*
how many parts is the pylorus broken into and name them 2 parts. The pyloric antrum and the pyloric canal
where is the Pyloric Antrum located Antrum- part just medial to the angular notch
where is the pyloric canal located Narrowed area ending at the pyloric sphincter
what does the pyloric canal control Muscle that controls entrance to and the exit from the stomach
what is the pyloric orifice orifice-opening at the distal stomach that leads to the duodenum of the small intestine
what habitus accounts for 85% of population sthenic and hyposthenic
how is the stomach positioned on an asthenic habitus vertical and low
what is high density barium mixture and low barium mixture 3:1 1:1
how many stages arena a modified barium swallow and name them 4 Oral Pharyngeal Laryngeal Esophageal
what are the stages in a routine barium or esophageal swallow only the esophageal stage of swallowing is studied
true or false for Esophagram study Start procedure with the upright patient position whenever possible true
Esophagus AP or PA projection CR Perpendicular to the midpoint of the cassette. (the central ray is at the level of T5-t6) (3 inches inferior to jugular notch)
Esophagus AP or PA projection SS Esophagus through superimposed thoracic vertebrae, no rotation
Esophagus AP or PA projection where is the MSP MSP to midgrid at the level of T5-T6
Esophagus AP or PA projection where is the top of the IR positioned at the level of the mouth for inclusion of the entire esophagus (Top of IR is 2 inches above top of shoulders)
Esophagus RAO and LAO position what is the degree of rotation 35-40
Esophagus RAO and LAO position how is the elevated side Center the elevated side to the grid through a plane approximately 2 inches lateral to the MSP
Esophagus RAO and LAO position CR CR-Perpendicular entering 2 inches lateral to the MSP to the elevated side @ the level of T5-T6
Esophagus RAO and LAO position SS SS-Esophagus between vertebrae and heart
which body position better shows esophagus b/t the lung and the vertebrae LAO
which body position better shows esophagus b/t the heart and the vertebra RAO
LAO is the same as RPO
RAO is the same as LPO
CR is at the level of ________ ________ for everything T5- T6
Esophagus Right or Left Lateral pt position arms over the head, with the elbows flexed and superimposed. MCP to Midline of the IR. Place top of the IR about 2 inches (5cm) above level of of the shoulders.
Esophagus Right or Left Lateral CR Perpendicular to MCP @ the level of T5-T6
Esophagus Right or Left Lateral SS Lateral projection of the Esophagus (Barium Filled)
Created by: knt5411