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Painting Exam

Study Guide HUM101

QuestionAnswer
What is the drawing media pastel and its advantages? Chalk sticks of colored pigment and nongreasy binder of varying hardness. It blends easily, causing some intensity to be lost, and produces airy soft colors.
What is the drawing media wash and brush and its advantages? Ink diluted with water and applied with a brush similar to watercolor. It is often used to create backgrounds.
What is the painting media oil and its advantages? Paint using oil, usually linseed, as a pigment binder. It allows for a great variety of colors and textures. It dries slowly and can crack and yellow with time.
What is the painting media watercolor and its advantages? Any color painting media that uses water as a thinner. It is transparetn and hard to control as colors easily blend together. It creates a delicate appearance.
What is the painting media tempera and its advantages? An opaque watercolor comprised of ground pigments bound with gum or glue but mostly egg. It is fast-drying and gives precise detail and a smooth surface without brushstrokes.
What is the painting media acrylic and its advantages? A water-soluble paint constituted of modern synthetic products bound with an acrylic polymer. It can be opaque or transparetn depending on the quantity used and can create textures. It doesn't yellow or crack under extreme temperatures.
Describe the fresco technique and the primary advantage of its use. A wall paiting technique suing pigments suspended in water and applied to fresh wet plaster. It provides a durable, long-lasting work but once dry, cannot be changed.
Identify and discuss one of the five compositional elements. Line is the basic building block of visual design. It is a linear form in which length dominates width.
Identify and discuss one of the five compositional elements. Form is the shape of an object within the composition. Form and line are inseparable.
Identify and discuss one of the five compositional elements. Color is the appearance of a surface in terms of hue, value, and intensity. It has the ability to provide an emotional stimuli to the audience.
Identify and discuss one of the five compositional elements. Texture is a picture's apparent roughness or smoothness both literally and figuratively.
Identify and discuss one of the five compositional elements. Mass is the illusion of the amount of space an object appears to take up in relation to the other objects in the picture.
Identify and discuss one of the principles of composition. Repetition is how the basic elements in a picture repeat, ie line, color and form.
Identify and discuss one of the three principles of composition. Balance is the compositional equilibrium and is intuitively understood by our innate response.
Identify and discuss one of the three principles of composition. Unity is how the elements work together in a composition. The unity can by open or closed.
Identify and discuss one of the three principles of composition. Focal Area is/are the area(s) to which our eye is drawn, or those areas with the greatest visual appeal, within a composition.
List one of the three types of lines and how they stimulate our senses. A broken line gives the audience a sense of violent movement.
List one of the three types of lines and how they stimulate our senses. A curved line gives the audience a sense of relaxation.
List one of the three types of lines and how they stimulate our senses. A diagonal line gives the audience a sense of movement.
Define the term focal area. Focal Area is/are the area(s) to which our eye is drawn, or those areas with the greatest visual appeal, within a composition
Explain one of two ways in which an artist might draw attention to a particular point in a picture. An artist could make all lines lead to a single point in a picture.
Explain one of two ways in which an artist might draw attention to a particular point in a picture. An artist could place the focal object or area in the center of a ring of objects.
Explain one of two ways in which an artist might draw attention to a particular point in a picture. An artist could give the an object a color that demands our attention more than the other colors in the picture.
Explain the differences between a closed composition and an open composition. A closed composition uses line and form to direct the eye into the painting and an open composition leads or allows the eye to wander off the canvas, or escape the frame.
How can both open and closed compositions be achieved by the artist? IDK
Explain the differences between linear perspective, atmospheric perspective and shifting perspective. Linear perspective uses line to achieve the sense of distance, atmospheric perspective uses light and atmosphere to indicate distance, and shifting perspective uses foreground and background divided by middleground to show distance.
List the one of the two modeling techniques and explain how they create the illusion of three-dimensionality. chiaroscuro
List the one of the two modeling techniques and explain how they create the illusion of three-dimensionality. chiaroscuro
When we view a picture, how does color stimulate our senses? Reds, oranges and yellows imply warmth. Blues and greens imply shade because they lack warmth.
How might an artist create a sense of movement, activity, and stability in a picture? Conventional devices used to create dynamics are the use of vertical compositions expressing a sense of dignity and grandeur, horizontal compositions eliciting a sense of stability and placidity, and triangle creating a sense of solidarity or instability.
How does texture in a painting stimulate our senses? We respond tactilely to whatever treatment has been given, we want to touch.
Created by: sayoko