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Exercise Psychology

FInal study guide

QuestionAnswer
Elaborate on what a bad example of goal setting would be Non measurable, non-realistic, easy, broad, outcome based, no short term or long-term goal
T/F Ideally, a series of short-term goals should lead to one realistic but challenging long-term performance goal. True
T/F Goals are more successful when you combine both short- and long-term: True
Identify the principles of Goal Setting: a. Set specific goals b. Set moderately difficult but realistic goals c. Set long-and-short term goals d. Set performance and process goals as well as outcome goals e. Set practice and competition goals f. Record goals
Define exercise adherence: How well a patient or client is sticking to their exercise program
Identify reasons why most people exercise: Weight control, reduced cardiovascular disease, reduce stress, reduce depression, enjoyment, socializing
Barriers to exercise are similar in what populations White and Non-white
Weight control, building self-esteem and reducing hypertension are all benefits of Exercise
Elaborate on a hardy personality: personality disposition that involves a sense of personal control, commitment and purpose, and the flexibility to adapt to unexpected changes.
List the psychological benefits of exercise: -Increases self-esteem, feeling of enjoyment, self-confidence, and mood states. -Decreases physical and psychological stress as well as anxiety and depression.
Define a Theory: A set of general principles that explains and predicts thoughts, emotions, and behavior
Define a Model: A visual representation of the combination of thoughts, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors that reflect a series of structures, each connected by one or more processes) that eventually lead to a predetermined, or predicted, outcome.
Which personal characteristics is the most predictable? behavioral tendencies
T/F Self-confidence and trait anxiety are example of a personality trait. True
Forms of social support includes validation support present the description of it: Person compares self with others on a particular characteristic
Forms of social support includes companionship support present the description of it: Person exercises with others (family, friends, coach)
A person's conscious decision to release personal control of one's life or aspects of situations to a higher power (e.g., God, Allah) is called Surrender Style
T/F In some cases, a surrender style can explain a person's tendency to engage in an unhealthy lifestyle, because of an excessive belief that a higher power is in control True
Music, light exercise, goal setting, social support (e.g., exercising with a friend), self-monitoring, and record keeping all have one thing in common. They are all behavioral strategies that can be used in exercise settings.
American Psychological Association Psychological Perspective
American College of Sports Medicine Physiological Perspective
American Association for Health Promotion Both Perspectives psych&Physio
Created by: rmart11