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Human Development

Vocabulary for Theme 6

Developmental Psychology The study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
Grasping Reflex An infant’s clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or her hand.
Rooting Reflex An infant’s response in turning toward the source of touching that occurs anywhere around his or her mouth.
Maturation The internally programmed growth of a child.
Telegraphic Speech The kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, but the meaning is usually clear.
Schema A conceptual framework a person uses to make sense of the world.
Assimilation The process of fitting objects and experiences into one's schemas.
Accommodation The adjustment of one's schemas to include newly observed events and experiences.
Object Permanence A child’s realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it.
Representational Thought The intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind.
Conservation The principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed.
Egocentric A young child’s inability to understand another person’s perspective.
Imprinting Inherited tendencies or responses that are displayed by newborn animals when they encounter new stimuli in their environment.
Critical Period A specific time in development when certain skills or abilities are most easily learned.
Authoritarian Family Parents attempt to control, shape, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of children and adolescents in accordance with a set code of conduct.
Democratic / Authoritative Family Children and adolescents participate in decisions affecting their lives.
Permissive / Laissez-Faire Family Children and adolescents have the final say; parents are less controlling and have a non punishing, accepting attitude toward children.
Socialization The process of learning the rules of behavior of the culture within which an individual is born and will live.
Identification The process by which a child adopts the values and principles of the same-sex parent.
Sublimation The process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks.
Role Taking Children’s play that involves assuming adult roles, thus enabling the child to experience different points of view.
Initiation Rites Ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to new status or accepted into a new position.
Puberty Sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible.
Menarche The first menstrual period.
Spermarche Period during which males achieve first ejaculation.
Asynchrony The condition during adolescence in which the growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven.
Rationalization A process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self esteem.
Identity Crisis A period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are.
Social Learning Theory Albert Bandura’s view of human development; emphasizes interaction.
Clique A small, exclusive group of people within a larger group.
Conformity Acting in accordance with some specified authority.
Gender Identity The sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual biologically belongs.
Gender Role The set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex.
Gender Stereotype An oversimplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and women.
Androgynouns Combining or blending traditionally male and female characteristics.
Gender Schema A set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave.
Menopause The biological event in which a woman’s production of sex hormones is sharply reduced.
Generativity The desire, in middle age, to use one’s accumulated wisdom to guide future generations.
Stagnation A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture the past.
Decremental Model of Aging Idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevitable with age.
Ageism Prejudice or discrimination against the elderly.
Thanatology The study of dying and death.
Hospice A facility and or care service designed to care for the special needs of the dying.
Created by: tderue
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