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Small Boat Terms

Terms & Definitions for Small Boats

QuestionAnswer
Right on a boat is called... Starboard
Left on a boat is called... Port
The vertical pole that supports a sail is called the... Mast
The board that sits in the water and used to steer the boat is called the... Rudder
The pole that the helmsman pushes or pulls to control the rudder is called the... Tiller
Each mast and each sail on a sailboat has a proper name. If there is only one mast on a sailboat, it is called the main mast. What is the sail that the mainmast supports called? Mainsail
The front of a canoe, kayak or small boat is called the... Bow
The back of a canoe, kayak or small boat is called the... Stern
The center bottom of a canoe, kayak or small boat, usually the strongest part of the boat, its "spine", is called the... Keel
The main body of a boat; the part that keeps out water and makes it a boat, is called the... Hull
The upper part of the sides of a canoe or small boat, usually though not always made of of wood, are called... Gunwales
A rope on a boat is called a... Line
A pulley on a boat is called a... Block
A line (rope) on a boat that controls a sail is called a... Sheet
A line (rope) on a boat that hoists or lowers a sail is called a... Halyard
A board that slips through the keel of a small sail boat to keep the boat from slipping sideways in the wind is called a... Daggerboard
The leading edge of the bow (and also the stern, in a double-ended canoe) is called the... Stem
The word "Gunwale" is pronounced... Gunnul
When a sailboat is pointing directly into the wind, and is not getting any power from its sail, it is called... In Irons
Points of Sail; When the boat is sailing as close to the wind as it can, about 30 degrees, it is called... Close Hauled
Points of Sail; When the boat is sailing close to the wind, about 45 degrees, it is called a... Close Reach
Points of Sail; When the boat is sailing perpendicular to the wind, about 90 degrees, it is called a... Beam Reach
Points of Sail; When the boat is sailing away from the wind, about 120 degrees from it, it is called a... Broad Reach
Points of Sail; When the boat is sailing directly away from the wind, with the wind behind it, it is called a... Run (dead downwind)
When a boat, canoe or kayak flips over, it is called a... Capsize
When a sailboat flips completely over, so the mast points straight down at the bottom it is called... Turtling
What are some of the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in sailing activities? Blisters, cold-water shock, hypothermia, dehydration, heatstroke, sunstroke, sunburn, sprains, strains.
On a boat, the direction the wind is coming from is called... Windward
On a boat, the direction the wind is going to is called Leeward
Rules of the Road; When you are on the same tack as another sailboat... When you are on the same tack as the other boat, the leeward boat has the right-of-way.
Rules of the Road; When you are on opposite tacks from another sailboat... When you are on opposite tacks, the starboard tack boat has the right-of-way.
Rules of the Road; When you are overtaking another boat (whether sail or power) which boat has right-of-way? If you are overtaking the other boat, or it is overtaking you, the boat ahead (the overtaken boat) has the right-of-way.
Rules of the Road; Who *usually* has right-of-way, a sailboat or a power boat? Usually a sailboat has right-of-way over a powerboat, but always it is the boat that is *most restricted* in its ability to maneuver that has right-of-way.
Rules of the Road; Who *usually* has right-of-way, a sailboat or a paddle boat such as a canoe or kayak? Usually a sailboat has right-of-way over a paddle boat, but always it is the boat that is *most restricted* in its ability to maneuver that has right-of-way.
A sailboat cannot sail directly into the wind. When a sailboat zig-zags to make progress upwind, what is it called? Tacking
The widest part of a boat is called its... Beam
A spar that holds the edge of a sail taut against the wind is called a... Boom
Created by: BSA-Troop93