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Canoe Terms

Terms and Definitions for Canoeing

QuestionAnswer
The front of a canoe, kayak or small boat is called the... Bow
The back of a canoe, kayak or small boat is called the... Stern
"Right" on a boat is called... Starboard
"Left" on a boat is called... Port
The center crossbar on a canoe (often with a curve in the middle to aid in carrying the canoe) is called the... Yoke
An extra crossbar on a canoe that helps keep the gunwales (sides) spread, usually located between the yoke and one of the two seats. It's called a... Thwart
The center bottom of a canoe, kayak or small boat, usually the strongest part of the boat, its "spine", is called the... Keel
The main body of a boat; the part that keeps out water and makes it a boat, is called the... Hull
The upper part of the sides of a canoe or small boat, usually though not always made of of wood, are called... Gunwales
A rope on a boat is called a... Line
A pulley on a boat is called a... Block
The leading edge of the bow (and also the stern, in a double-ended canoe) is called the... Stem
The grip of a canoe paddle is called the... Grip
The shaft of a canoe paddle is called the... Shaft
The blade of a canoe paddle is called the... Blade
The tip of a canoe paddle is called the... Tip
The top of a canoe paddle blade, where it transitions between the the shaft and the blade, is called the... Shoulder
What are the five parts of a canoe paddle? Grip, Shaft, Shoulders, Blade, Tip
If you're sitting in the middle of a canoe, and want to go towards the bow, what direction are you going? Forward
f you're sitting in the middle of a canoe, and want to go towards the stern, what direction are you going? Aft
The word "Gunwale" is pronounced... Gunnul
How does the length of a canoe affect its performance? In general, the narrower and longer a canoe is the faster it will go, but the more tippier and less maneuverable it will be. Wider canoes are more stable, shorter canoes are more maneuverable.
How does the shape of a canoe affect its performance? Flat bottomed canoes are more stable, round and v-bottomed canoes more maneuverable.
What are the Pros and Cons of wood as a canoe construction material? Pros: Beautiful, light and easy to repair. Cons: Wood damages easily, rots if not cared for and requires skilled labor to produce (so they're expensive).
What are the Pros and Cons of fiberglass as a canoe construction material? Pros: Durable, can be repaired, doesn’t rot, relatively cheap to manufacture. Cons: Heavier than alternatives.
What are the Pros and Cons of aluminum as a canoe construction material? Pros: Very durable, doesn’t rot, doesn’t sun-damage, holds shape extremely well. Cons: Expensive, cold to sit on, difficult to repair, dents don't pop out
What are the Pros and Cons of polyethylene plastic (HDPE) as a canoe construction material? Pros: Cheap, *very* durable, doesn’t rot. Cons: Very difficult to repair. Does not hold shape as well as alternatives. Lighter than fiberglass, but heavier than alternatives. Can be damaged by long-term sun exposure.
What are the Pros and Cons of ABS plastic (Royalex) as a canoe construction material? Pros: Very similar to Poly, but can be repaired, holds shape better, has natural buoyancy and is lighter than Poly, making it quicker and more maneuverable. It is also more resistant to sun damage. Cons: Not quite as durable as poly, more expensive.
What are the Pros and Cons of Kevlar as a canoe construction material? Pros: Built similar to fiberglass, but much lighter and stiffer. Very tough, makes a very fast, agile boat. Cons: Expensive.
What are the Pros and Cons of carbon fiber as a canoe construction material? Pros: Lightest and stiffest of all materials . Durable, fast, doesn’t rot, strongest material in terms of weight. Cons: Most expensive. Small dings can be repaired, but large damage usually junks the boat.
How do you size a paddle from a sitting/kneeling position? Kneel down with your bottom about 6" off the floor, as if sitting in a canoe. Hold the paddle upside down, with the grip on the floor. The shoulder of the paddle should be between your chin and your nose.
What are some of the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in canoeing activities? Blisters, cold-water shock, hypothermia, dehydration, heatstroke, sunstroke, sunburn, sprains, strains.
Created by: BSA-Troop93