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Generic NameBrand NamePharmacologic CategoryCommon Indication
amoxicillin and clavulanate Augmentin, Augmentin XR Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor Otitis media, bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza
ampicillin and sulbactam Unasym Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor DFI, IAI Activity against: MSSA, Bacteroides species
piperacillin and tazobactam Zosym Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor HAP, DFI, IAI Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
cephalexin Keflex Beta-lactam antibiotic (first generation cephalosporin) SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
cefazolin Ancef, Kefzol Beta-lactam antibiotic (first generation cephalosporin) Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery, CRBSI, SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
cefuroxime Zinacef, Ceftin Beta-lactam antibiotic (second generation cephalosporin) Bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza
cefdinir Omnicef Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Otits media, bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza
cefotaxime Claforan Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli
ceftriaxone Rocephin Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli
cefepime Maxipime Beta-lactam antibiotic (fourth generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, HAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
meropenem Merrem Carbapenem Meningitis, HAP, DFI, IAI Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae
ciprofloxacin Cipro Fluroquinolone antibiotic Pyelonephritis, HAP Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, atypicals
levofloxacin Levaquin Fluroquinolone antibiotic CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypicals
moxifloxacin Vigamox, Avelox Fluroquinolone antibiotic Bacterial conjunctivitis, CAP Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypicals
azithromycin Zithromax, Z-Pak, Zmax Macrolide antibiotic CAP Activity against: Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia trachomatis, atypicals
clarithromycin Biaxin, Biaxin XL Macrolide antibiotic CAP Activity against: Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia trachomatis, atypicals
doxycycline Vibramycin, Doryx Tetracycline antibiotic SSTI, CAP Activity against: MRSA, atypicals
minocycline Minocin Tetracycline antibiotic SSTI Activity against: MRSA
penicillin V potassium, penicillin G potassium N/A Beta-lactam antibiotic (natural penicillin) Pharyngitis, SSTI Activity against: Streptococcus pyogenes
amoxicillin N/A Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) Otitis media, pharyngitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes
ampicillin N/A Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) Intrapartum group B Streptococcus prophylaxis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Listeria monocytogenes
oxacillin N/A Beta-lactam antibiotic (penicillinase-resistant penicillin) CRBSI, endocarditis, SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
Created by: Bmcgraw
 

 



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