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Common drug

classifications and actions

TermDefinition
anesthetic prevents sensation of pain -lidoaine HCI (xylocaine, lidoderm) -tetracaine HCI (pontocaine)
antibiotic (antibacterial) destroys or inhibits bacterial growth -amoxocillin (amoxil) -levofloxacin (levaquin)
anithelmintic (or antihelminthic) destroys or inhibits parasitic worms -mebendazole (vermox) -pyrantel pamoate (combantrin antiminth)
antineoplastic poisons cancerous cells -bleomycin (blenoxane) -tamoxifen (nolvadex)
antipyretic reduces fever -acetaminophen (tylenol) -acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
antiseptic inhibits growth of microorganisms -isopropyl alcohol; providone-iodine (betadine)
mydriatic constricts vessels, raises blood pressure, dilates pupils -atropine (atropisol)
antifungal treats fungal infections -amphoterician B (fungizone) -nystatin (mycostatin)
antipruritic relieves itching -hydroxyzine HCI (atarax) -hydrocortisone (hydrocortisone cream)
muscle relaxant relaxes muscles on a short-term basis -carisoprodol (Rela, Soma) -cyclobenzaprine HCI (flexeril)
nonsteroidal antinflammatory drug (NSAID) reduces pain, inflammation, and fever -naproxen (aleve) -ibuprofen (motrin, advil)
steroid reduces inflammation -dexamethasone (decadron) -prednisone (deltasone)
antianxiety depresses the CNS -alprazolam (alprazolam intensol) -lorazepam (ativan)
anticholinergic blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses -atropine sulfate
anticonvulsant prevents or relieves convulsions -clonazepam (klonopin) -phenytoin (dilantin)
antidepressant prevents or treats mental depression -amitriptyline HCI (elavil) -vanlafaxine HCI (effexor XR)
antiepileptic treats epilepsy -carbamazepine (tegretol) -felbamate (felbatol)
antiparkinsonian treats Parkinson's disease -procyclidine (kemadrin) -bromocriptine (cycloset)
antipsychotic treats psychosis -chlorpromazine HCI (thorazine) -clozapine (clozaril)
sedative creates tranquilizing, soothing effects -chloral hydrate (Noctec) -zolpidem (ambien)
stimulant increases brain and other organ activity; decreases appetite -caffeine (No-Doz) -methylphenidate (ritalin)
antidiabetic reduces glucose -metformin (Glucophage) -glipizide (Glucotrol)
antisecretory inhibits secretion -omeprazole (prilosec) -esomeprazole (nexium)
insulin treats diabetes -insulin recombinant (Humulin) -insulin human (Exubera)
thyroid agent replaces thyroid function -levothyroxine sodium (Synthroid, Levothroid)
antiarrhythmic regulates the heartbeat -dysopyramide (norpace) -propranolol HCI (inderal)
anticoagulant slows the coagulation process -enoxaparin (lovenox) -heparin sodium (Hep-Lock)
antihypercholesteolemic prevents or control high cholesterol -gemfibrozil (lopid) -atorvastatin (Lipitor)
antihypertensive prevents or controls high blood pressure -amlodipine (norvasc) -metropolol (Toprol XL)
hemostatic promotes coagulation to control or stop bleeding -aminocaproic acid (amicar) -phytonaadione (mephyton)
vasoconstrictor constricts blood vessels, increasing blood pressure -dopamine HCI (intropin) -norepinephrine (levophed)
vasodilator dilates blood pressure, decreasing blood pressure -enalopril (Vasotec) -lisinopril (prinivil)
antiasthmatic treats or prevents asthma attacks -montelukast (singulair) -albuterol (ProAir HFA)
antihistamine relieves allergies cetirizine HCI (Zyrtec)
antitussive relieves or prevents cough -codeine; dextromethorphan hydrobromide (robitussin DM)
bronchodilator dilates bronchi of the lungs -albuterol (proventil) -epinephrine (epinephrine mist)
decongestant reduces mucus production -oxymetazoline HCI (afrin) -phenylephrine HCI (neo-synephrine)
expectorant (mucokinetic) liquefies mucus in the -guaifenesin (musinex) -acetylcysteine (mucomyst)
antacid/ antiulcer neutralizes gastric acids -calcium carbonate (tums) -esomeprazole (nexium)
antidiarrheal relieves diarrhea -bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol) loperamide HCI (imodium)
antiemetic controls nausea, vomiting, and motion sickness -prochlorperazine (compazine) -promethazine (phenergan)
laxative (cathartic) promotes evacuation of the intestines -bisacodyl (dulcolax) -casanthranol (peri-colace)
diuretic increases urine excretion -bumetanide (bumex) -furosemide (lasix)
androgen replaces male hormones -testosterone (androgel, testoderm)
antivenereal prevents or control sexually transmitted (venereal) diseases -azithromycin (azithrommycin dose pack) -acyclovir (zovirax)
contraceptive prevents conception -nogestrel (ovrette)
estrogen replaces female hormones -conjugated estrogens (premarin) -synthetic conjugated estrogens (cenestin)
analgesic relieves pain -acetaminophen (tylenol) -oxycodone HCI (percpcet)
Created by: epavia
 

 



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