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pharmacology

TermDefinition
drug absorption the movement of the drug from its site of administration into the bloodstream.
excretion The process whereby the undigested residue of food and the waste products of metabolism are eliminated, material is removed to regulate the composition of body fluids and tissues, or substances are expelled to perform functions on an exterior surface.
drug classification describe medications that are grouped together because of their similarity.
adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
allergic reaction occurs when the immune system overreacts to a harmless substance known as an allergen.
anaphylaxis an acute allergic reaction to an antigen (e.g. a bee sting) to which the body has become hypersensitive.
side effect a secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment.
toxic effect this occurs when a person has accumulated too much of a drug in their blood stream , leading to adverse effects of the body.
antagonism inhibition or interference with the action of one substance or organism by another.
tolerance the capacity of the body to endure or become less responsive to a substance or drug or a psychological insult especially with repeated use or exposure developed a tolerance to painkillers.
dependence psychological or physic dependence refers to experience of impaired control over drinking or drug use while physiological or physical dependence refers to tolerance and withdraws symptoms.
idiosyncrasy an abnormal physical reaction by an individual to a food or drug.
drug indications the use of that drug for treating a particular disease. For example, diabetes is an indication for insulin.
contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient. usually the opposite of indication which is the reason to use a certain treatment.
poly pharmacy the simultaneous use of multiple drugs to treat a single ailment or condition.
teratogen an agent or factor which causes malformation of an embryo.
half life is a pharmaceutical parameter that is defined as the time it takes for the concentration of the drug in the plasma or the total amount in the body to be reduced by 50%.
Created by: prodri17
 

 



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