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Medical Assistanting

Common Drug Classifications and Actions

TermDefinition
Drug Absorption The movement of the drug from its site of administration to the bloodstream. Drugs are administered orally, absorbed by the small intestine, intramuscular, or subcutaneous.
Excretion The process of eliminating waste products form the body. Examples would be considered as urine, vomit, or solid material.
Drug Classification Drugs are classified according how they will affect the brain and the body. (Integumentary, musculoskeletal, nervous, respiratory system)
Adverse Effect It is considered a harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery, another term for this can be 'side effect'
Allergic Reaction This kind of reaction can change from mild to severe, in some severe cases it can trigger a life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis.
Anaphylaxis Known as a hypersensitive state of the body to a foreign protein or drug that is dangerous to the body system(s).
Side Effect Considered as an undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment
Toxic Effect Refers to how poisonous or harmful a substance can be. In the context of pharmacology, drug toxicity occurs when a person has accumulated too much of a drug in his bloodstream, leading to adverse effects on the body.
Antagonism An interaction between two or more drugs that have opposite effects on the body.
Tolerance A person's diminished response to a drug, which occurs when the drug is used repeatedly and the body adapts to the continued presence of the drug.
Dependence The quality or state of being dependent upon or unduly subject to the influence of another; drug addiction.
Idiosyncrasy An abnormal reaction to a drug, sometimes specified as genetically determined.
Drug Indications Refers to the use of that drug for treating a particular disease. For example, diabetes is an indication for insulin.
Contraindication Suggest or indicate that a particular drug or technique should not be used in the case in question.
Polypharmacy The practice of administering many different medicines especially concurrently for the treatment of a single disease also
Teratogen An agent or factor which causes malformation of an embryo.
Half Life The concentration of the drug in the body will be half of the starting dose.
Created by: JacquiMorales
 

 



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