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Pharmacology

TermDefinitionExamples
Analgesic Relieves Pain acetaminophen (Tylenol®)
Anesthetic Prevents sensation of Pain lidocaine HCl (Xylocaine®, Lidoderm®)
Antibiotic Inhibits Growth of Bacteria amoxicillin (Amoxil®)
Antihelminitic Inhibits growth of parasitic worms mebendazole (Vermox®)
Antineoplastic Poisons Cancerous cells bleomycin (Blenoxane®)
Antipyretic Reduces Fever acetaminophen (Tylenol®)
Antiseptic Inhibits Growth of microorganisms isopropyl alcohol
Mydriatic Constricts vessels, raises blood pressure, dilates pupils atropine (Atropisol®)
Antifungul Treats fungal infections amphotericin B (Fungizone®)
Antipruritic Relieves itching hydroxyzine HCl (Atarax®)
Muscle relaxant Relaxes muscles on a short term basis carisoprodol (Rela®, Soma®)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) Reduces pain, inflammation, and fever naproxen (Aleve®)
Steroid Reduces inflammation dexamethasone (Decadron®)
Antianxiety Depresses the CNS alprazolam (Alprazolam Intensol®)
Anticholinergic Blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses atropine sulfate (Isopto Atropine®)
Anticonvulsant Prevents or relieves convulsions clonazepam (Klonopin®)
Antidepressant Prevents or treats mental depression amitriptyline HCl (Elavil®)
Antiepileptic Treats epilepsy carbamazepine (Tegretol®)
Antiparkinsonian Treats Parkinson’s disease procyclidine (Kemadrin®)
Antipsychotic Treats psychosis chlorpromazine HCl (Thorazine®)
Sedative Creates tranquilizing, soothing effects chloral hydrate (Noctec®)
Stimulant Increases brain and other organ activity; decreases appetite amphetamine sulfate (Benzedrine®)
Antidiabetic Reduces glucose metformin (Glucophage®)
Antisecretory Inhibits secretion omeprazole (Prilosec®),
Insulin Treats diabetes insulin recombinant (Humulin®)
Thyroid agent Replaces thyroid function levothyroxine sodium (Synthroid®
Antiarrhythmic Regulates the heartbeat disopyramide (Norpace®)
Anticoagulant Slows the coagulation process enoxaparin (Lovenox®)
Antihypercholesterolemic Prevents or controls high cholesterol gemfibrozil (Lopid®)
Antihypertensive Prevents or controls high blood pressure amlodipine (Norvasc®)
Hemostatic Promotes coagulation to control or stop bleeding aminocaproic acid (Amicar®)
Vasoconstrictor Constricts blood vessels, increasing blood pressure dopamine HCl (Intropin®)
Vasodilator Dilates blood vessels, decreasing blood pressure enalopril (Vasotec®
Antiasthmatic Treats or prevents asthma attacks montelukast (Singulair®)
Antihistamine Relieves allergies cetirizine HCl (Zyrtec®)
Antitussive Relieves or prevents coughs codeine; dextromethorphan hydrobromide (Robitussin DM®)
Bronchodilator Dilates bronchi of the lungs albuterol (Proventil®)
Decongestant Reduces mucus production oxymetazoline HCl (Afrin®)
Expectorant (mucokinetic) Liquefies mucus in bronchi guaifenesin (Mucinex®)
Antacid/antiulcer Neutralizes gastric acids calcium carbonate (Tums®)
Antidiarrheal Relieves diarrhea bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol®)
Antiemetic Controls nausea, vomiting, and motion sickness prochlorperazine (Compazine®);
Laxative (cathartic) Promotes evacuation of the intestines bisacodyl (Dulcolax®)
Diuretic Increases urine excretion bumetanide (Bumex®)
Androgen Replaces male hormones testosterone (AndroGel®, Testoderm®)
Antivenereal Prevents or controls sexually transmitted (venereal) diseases azithromycin (Azithromycin Dose Pack®); levofloxacin (Levaquin®); acyclovir (Zovirax®)
Contraceptive Prevents conception norgestrel (Ovrette®); ethinyl estradiol, norgestimate (Ortho Tri-Cyclen®); norethindrone, ethinyl estradiol (Ortho-Evra®)
Estrogen Replaces female hormones onjugated estrogens (Premarin®); conjugated estrogens, medroxyprogesterone (Prempro®); synthetic conjugated estrogens (Cenestin®)
Created by: cashmerecarlos
 

 



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