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Renal

Generic NameBrand NamePharmacologic CategoryCommon IndicationsSide Effects
dutasteride Avodart 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor BPH oropharyngeal irritation, decreased libido, impotence Note: swallow whole; women who are pregnant or of child-bearing age should not touch
finasteride Proscar, Propecia 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor BPH, male pattern baldness decreased libido, impotence Note: women who are pregnant or of child-bearing age should not touch
doxazosin Cardura Alpha1 blocker BPH, HTN dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, priapism (rare), intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (rare)
terazosin Hytrin Alpha1 blocker BPH, HTN dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, priapism (rare), intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (rare)
tamsulosin Flomax Alpha1a blocker BPH dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, priapism (rare), intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (rare) Note: take 30min after the same meal daily
fesoterodine Toviaz Anticholinergic Overactive bladder xerostomia, constipation, angioedema (rare) Note: CI in narrow angle glaucoma
solifenacin Vesicare Anticholinergic Overactive bladder xerostomia, constipation, angioedema (rare) Note: CI in narrow angle glaucoma
tolterodine Detrol, Detrol LA Anticholinergic Overactive bladder xerostomia, constipation, angioedema (rare) Note: CI in narrow angle glaucoma
oxybutynin Ditropan, Dirtopan XL Anticholinergic, urinary antispasmodic agent Overactive bladder xerostomia, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, angioedema (rare) Note: CI narrow angle glaucoma
phenazopyridine Azo Urinary Pain Relief, Pyridium Urinary analgesic Symptomatic relief of dysuria stomach cramps, headache, dizziness Note: red/orange bodily fluids
potassium chloride PO: K-Tab, Klor-Con, Micro-K Electrolyte supplement Hypokalemia IV: hyperkalemia, cardiac arrest with rapid undiluted infusion PO: hyperkalemia, abdominal discomfort/pain, diarrhea, flatulence, nausea, vomiting Note: ISMP high alert
calcitriol Rocaltrol Active Vitamin D Secondary hyperparathyroidism hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia
albumin 5% or 25% Albuminar, Plasbumin Colloid 5%: hypovolemia 25%: large volume paracentesis hypervolemia
0.9% sodium chloride Normal Saline Crystalloid Hypovolemia, carrier fluid hypervolemia, non-anion gap metabolic acidosis
lactated ringers LR Crystalloid Hypovolemia hypervolemia
5% dextrose in water D5W Crystalloid Carrier fluid, hypernatremia, hypoglycemia hyperglycemia, hyponatremia, hypervolemia
calcium gluconate N/A Electrolyte supplement Hypocalcemia hypercalcemia, arrhythmia Note:precipitation occurs with phosphate; do not administer IM; vesicant
magnesium sulfate N/A Electrolyte supplement Hypomagnesemia, pre-eclampsia cardiac arrest (with rapid undiluted IV infusion) Note: ISMP high alert
potassium phosphate N/A Electrolyte supplement Hyopkalemia hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, cardiac arrest (with rapid undiluted IV infusion) Note: ISMP high alert
ergocalciferol N/A Fat-soluble vitamin Dietary supplement, hyperparathyroidism hypervitaminosis D Note: CI with hypercalcemia
Created by: Bmcgraw
 

 



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