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GYNECOLOGICAL MEDS

Pharmacology for Health Professionals

QuestionAnswer
The study of the female reproductive system is abbreviated: GYN which stands for gynecology.
The medical specialty for gestation+parturition+puerperium is abbreviated OB which stands for: obstetrics
Gestation means: development of a fertilized ovum (egg) aka pregnancy.
Parturition is abbreviated L+D which stands for: labor and delivery.
Parturition (L+D) is aka: childbirth
Puerperium means: six (6) weeks after parturition (L+D)
The inability to reproduce is called: sterility or infertility.
Fertility means: ability to reproduce.
Technology to achieve (accomplish) gestation is abbreviated ART which stands for: assisted reproductive technologies.
Gestation means: development of a fertilized ovum (egg) aka pregnancy.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include: 1. Artificial introduction of semen and spermatozoa (sperm) into the uterus is abbreviated AI which stands for artificial insemination.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include: 2. Union (joining of ova (eggs) and spermatozoa (sperm) outside the uterus and artificially inseminated (introduced) abbreviated IVF which stands for in vitro fertilization.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include: 3. A woman legally agreeing to pregnancy by in vitro fertilization (IVF) for another called gestational surrogacy.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include: 4. Ovulation stimulation medications aka fertility drugs.
Medication classified to treat infertility (sterility) are called: ovulation stimulation medications aka fertility drugs.
Ovulation means: expulsion (release) of an ovum (mature egg) from an ovary.
Ovulation stimulation medications mimic (imitate) the effect of the pituitary hormone that causes ovulation abbreviated LH which stands for: luteinizing hormone
A medication classified as an ovulation stimulating medication is called: 1. Clomid
Ovulation stimulation medications are aka: fertility drugs.
A medication classified as an ovulation stimulating medication is called: 2. Pregnyl aka HCG
A medication classified as an ovulation stimulating medication is called: 3. Fertinex
A medication classified as an ovulation stimulating medication is called: 4. Repronux
The pituitary hormone that induces labor and delivery is called: oxytocin
Induce means: start
A synthetic oxytocin classified to induce (start) labor and delivery is called: Pitocin aka "pit drip"
Synthetic means: artificial
A medication classified to treat postpartum bleeding include: Methergine
Postpartum means: after birth.
Pitocin (oxytocin) and Methergine: stimulate the uterus to contract.
Union (joining) of an ovum (egg) and spermatozoon (individual sperm) is called: fertilization or conception.
Contraception means: against conception (fertilization)
PO medications classified to prevent conception (fertilization) are called: OCP which stands for oral contraceptive pills.
Conception (fertilization) means: union (joining) of an ovum (egg) and spermatozoon (individual sperm).
Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) are aka BCP which stands for: birth control pills or "the pill".
Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) aka birth control pills commonly contain a compound (combination) of: estrogen and progestin aka progesterone.
Oral contraceptive pills containing a compound of estrogen and progesterone are abbreviated COCP which stands for: combined oral contraceptive pills.
The effectiveness of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) can be reduced by being: overweight
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 1. Chronic AV which stands for persistent acne vulgaris.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 2. Ectopic (displaced) endometrium (inner layer of the uterus) called endometriosis.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 3. PCOs which stand for polycystic ovary syndrome.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 4. PMS which stands for premenstrual syndrome.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 5. Menorrhagia which means excessive or prolonged menses.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) are also classified to treat: 6. Metrorrhagia which means bleeding between menstruation.
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) can increase the risk of malignant neoplasm in the: breasts and cervix
Neoplasma are: New growths
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP) can increase the risk of thrombi which are: clots
Thrombi (clots) can become emboli which are: travelling clots.
Development of thrombi (clots) and emboli (travelling clots) increases in women: 1. Over the age of 35.
Development of thrombi (clots) and emboli (travelling clots) increases in women: 2. Who inhale burnt tobacco called smoking.
Emboli (travelling clots) increase the risk of: 1. MI which stands for myocardial infarction aka a heart attack.
Emboli (travelling clots) increase the risk of: 2. CVA which stands for cerebral vascular accident aka a stroke.
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 1. Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo.
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 2. Ovcon
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 3. Ortho-Novum
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 4. Yaz
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 5. Yasmin
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 6. Beyaz
A medication classified as a combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is called: 7. Seasonique (4 periods per year)
A medication classified as a once a month combination transdermal contraceptive is called: Ortho Evra (95% effective)
A medication classified as a once a month combination vaginal contraceptive is called: NuvaRing
A medication classified as a three (3) month subcutaneous (SubQ) progestin only contraceptive is abbreviated DMPA which stands for: Depo-Provera (99% effective).
A medication classified as a three (3) year progestin only contraceptive is called Nexplanon
A medication classified as a progestin only contraceptive pills is called: Ovrette (95% effective)
To be effective progestin only OCP must be taken every day and at the same time of day.
OCP stands for: oral contraceptive pills aka birth control pills (BCP).
A medication classified as a three (3) year progestin only contraceptive intrauterine device (IUD) is called: Skyla (99% effective)
A medication classified as a five (5) year progestin only contraceptive intrauterine device (IUD) is called: Mirena (99% effective)
A medication classified as a copper (CUu) contraceptive intrauterine device (IUD) is called: Paragard
Paragard is also classified as an emergency contraceptive if inserted: 3-5 days after unprotected coitus aka copulation or sexual intercourse.
Cessation of menstruation (menses) due to insufficient estrogen production is called: menopause
Menopause usually occurs between ages: 45-55
Diagnosis (Dx) of menopause occurs after 12 consecutive months without: menstruation .
The time leading up to menopause is called: menopausal transition or perimenopause.
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 1. Dyspareunia which means painful coitus (copulation).
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 2. Acute (sudden) feelings of feverish heat called hot flashes.
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 3. Sudden mood changes called mood swings.
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 4. Difficulty sleeping called insomnia.
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 5. Loss of energy called fatigue.
Signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause include: 6. Xeroderma which means dry skin.
Complications associated with perimenopause and menopause include: 1. OP whichstands for osteoporosis.
Complications associated with perimenopause and menopause include: 2. CAD which stands for coronary artery disease.
An oral medication classified to prevent pregnancy after unprotected coitus is called: Plan B One Step (progestin) aka the "morning after pill".
Hypertension, albuminuria and edema after 20 weeks of gestation is called preeclampsia
Albuminuria means: protein (albumin in the urine
Edema means: swelling
Preeclampsia with seizures is called: eclampsia
A medication classified to treat seizures associated with eclampsia is called: magnesium ("mag") sulfate
The RH incompatibility disease that can occur when the father has RH+ blood and the mother has RH- blood is abbreviated: EF which stands for erythroblastosis fetalis (EF) .
Erythroblastosis fetalis (EF is aka: HDN which stands for hemolytic disease of the newborn.
A medication classified as a prophylaxis (preventative) for erythroblastosis fetalis (EF) is called: RhoGAM
Hormonal changes causing a combination of physical and emotional signs and symptoms 1-2 weeks before menstruation is abbreviated PMS which stands for: premenstrual syndrome
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 1. Dysmenorrhea which means painful menstruation.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 2. Fluid retention causing edema (swelling) and weight gain.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 3. Mastalgia which means breast pain.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 4. Cephalgia which means headache (HA)
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 5. AV which stands for acne vulgaris.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 6. Difficulty sleeping called insomnia.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 7. Loss of energy called fatigue.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 8. Sudden mood changes called mood swings
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 9. Anxiety, nervousness and tension at a more intense level than normal called neurosis (neurotic.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 10. Quick annoyance called irritability.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 11. MDD which stands for major depressive disorder aka clinical depression.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 12. Unfriendly behavior called hostility.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 13. Uncontrollable weeping called crying spells.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: 14. Food cravings especialy sweet and/or salty.
A medication classified to treat premenstrual (PMS) is called: 1. Midol
A medication classified to treat premenstrual (PMS) is called: 2. Pamprin
A medication classified to treat premenstrual (PMS) is called: 3. Premsyn
A severe form of premenstrual syndrome is abbreviated PMDD which stands for: premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD): can interfere with work and/or social activities and/or relationships.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder include: 1. Anxiety, anxiousness, and tension at a more intense level than normal called neurosis (neurotic)
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder include: 2. Insomnia which means difficulty sleeping.
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder include: 3. MDD which stands for major depressive disorder aka clinical depression.
The primary thyroid hormone is called: thyroxine aka T3+T4
Thyroxine (T3 + T4) regulates (controls): the body's metabolism.
Metabolism is the: rate (speed) at which the body utilizes energy.
Utilizes means uses
Hyposecretion of thyroxine is called: hypothyroidism or myxedema
Medications classified to treat myxedema (hypothyroidism) are called: thyroid supplements.
A medication classified as a thyroid stimulant is called: 1. Thyrolar.
Medications classified as thyroid supplements include: 2. Synthroid and Levothroid and Unithroid aka levothyroxine.
Dwarfism is caused by hyposecretion (deficient production and discharge) of the pituitary hormone abbreviated GH which stands for: growth hormone.
The pituitary is aka the: hypophysis or master gland.
A medication classified as a synthetic growth hormone (GH) is called: Humatrope aka somatropin
Synthetic means: artificial
Diabetes insipidus (DI) is caused by hyposecretion of the pituitary hormone abbreviated ADH which stands for: antidiuretic hormone.
Hyposecretion means: Deficient production and discharge (release)
A medication classified as a synthetic antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is called: Pitressin aka vasopressin.
Corticosteroids are secreted by the outer portion (part) of each adrenal gland called the: adrenal cortex.
Synthetic corticosteroids are powerful SAIDS which stands for: steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Most medications names that contain "cort" or end in "sone" or "solone" are classified as: SAIDS which stands for steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs aka corticosteroids.
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 1. Cortone aka cortisone.
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 2. Decadron aka dexamethasone.
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 3. Cortef and Solu-Cortef and Cortaid and Cortizone aka hydrocortisone.
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 4. Deltasone aka prednisone
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 5. Kenacort
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 6. Kenalog.
Medications classified as SAIDS include: 7. Medrol and Solu-Medrol aka methylprednisolone.
SAIDS stands for steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs aka corticosteroids.
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 1. HTN which stands for hypertension aka high blood pressure.
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 2. Hypokalemia which means blood condition of deficient potassium.
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 3. Hypernatremia which means blood condition of excessive sodium.
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 4. Hyperglycemia which means blood condition of excessive blood sugar (BS)
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 5. CVD which stands for cardiovascular disease.
Medications to relieve the signs and symptoms of perimenopause and menopause are abbreviated ERT which stands for: estrogen replacement therapy
Estrogen replacement therapy is aka: HRT which stands for hormone replacement therapy.
A medication classified as estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is called: 1. Premarin`
A medication classified as estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is called: 2. Estraderm
A medication classified as estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is called: 3. Femhrt
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) can increase the risk of malignant neoplasms in the breasts and cervix.
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) can increase the risk of thrombi which are: clots
Thrombi (clots) can become emboli which are: travelling clots.
Development of thrombi (clots) and emboli (travelling clots) increases in women: 1. Over the age of 35
Development of thrombi (clots) and emboli (travelling clots) increases in women: 2. Who inhale burnt tobacco called smoking.
Emboli (travelling clots) increase the risk of: 1. MI which stands for myocardial infarction aka a heart attack.
Emboli (travelling clots) increase the risk of: 2. CVA which stands for cerebral vascular accident aka a stroke.
Progestin only contraceptives do not increase the risk of thrombus (clot) formation.
A medication classified to treat hot flashes associated with menopause is called: Brisdelloe aka paroxetine
Paroxetine is also the generic name for: Paxil.
Paxil (paroxetine) is classified as an: antidepressant
A PO (oral) medication classified to induce (start) abortion is called: Mifeprex
A PO (oral) medication classified to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless leg syndrome (RLS) is called: Mirapex
Adverse effects (changes) of prolonged SAID use include: 6. A psychiatric disorder characterized by losing touch with reality called psychosis (psychotic)
Synthetic (artificial) testosterone is abbreviated AAS which stands for: anabolic androgenic steroids.
Anabolic refers to: muscle building.
Androgenic refers to: male secondary sexual characteristics
A condition of deficient testosterone is called: hypogonadism.
Testosterone is aka: androgen
Hypogonadism (deficient testosterone) can cause: 1. Loss of libido aka sex drive.
Hypogonadism (deficient testosterone) can cause: 2. ED which stands for erectile dysfunction aka impotence.
Transdermal medications classified to treat hypogonadism include: AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron
Hypogonadism means: deficient testosterone (androgen)
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron (testosterone) can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 1. Early appearance of secondary sexual characteristics aka puberty.
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron (testosterone) can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 2. Hirsutism in women which means unusual hair growth.
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron (testosterone) can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 3. AV in women which stands for acne vulgaris.
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron (testosterone) can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 4. Thrombi (clot) formation which increases the risk of infarctions (occlusions)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be caused by hypoinsulinism which means: condition of deficient insulin.
Insulin allows glucose (dextrose) to enter body cells causing the blood sugar (BS) to: decrease
IDDM stands for: insulin dependent diabetes mellitus aka juvenile onset diabetes mellitus (DM) or type I diabetes mellitus (DM).
IDDM requires daily SubQ injections of: insulin.
IDDM stands for insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
SubQ stands for subcutaneous.
A medication classified as a rapid-acting insulin is called: NovoLog.
A medication classified as a regular (short-acting) insulin is called: Humulin R
A medication classified as an intermediate-acting insulin is called: Novolin N
A medication classified an a long-acting insulin is called: Levemir
A medication classified as a rapid acting inhaled insulin is called: Afrezza
Diabetes mellitus can also be caused by body cells resisting insulin abbreviated IRDM which stands for: insulin resistance diabetes mellitus
Insulin allows glucose (dextrose) to enter body cells causing the blood sugar (BS) to: decrease.
NIDDM stands for: non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus aka maturity (adult) onset diabetes mellitus or type II diabetes mellitus.
Medications classified to treat NIDDM are called: oral antidiabetics.
Oral antidiabetic medications function by: a. stimulating (causing) the pancreas to secrete (produce and discharge) more insulin.
Oral antidiabetic medications function by: b. decreasing IRS which stands for insulin resistance syndrome.
Medications classified as oral antidiabetics include: 1. Diabenese
Medications classified as oral antidiabetics include: 2. Glucotrol aka glipizide.
Glucose (dextrose) is a type of: sugar.
Oral antidiabetic medications function by: a. stimulating (causing) the pancreas to secrete (produce and discharge) more insulin.
Medications classified as oral antidiabetics include: 1. Diabinese
A medication classified as an oral antidiabetic is called: 2. Glucotrol aka glipizide
A medication classified as an oral antidiabetic is called: 3. DiaBeta aka glyburide
Diabetes mellitus causes a blood condition of excessive sugar called: hyperglycemia
A medication classified as an oral antidiabetic is called: 4. Glucophage aka metformin
A medication classified as an oral antidiabetic is called: 5. Onglyza
A medication classified as an oral antidiabetic is called: 6. Glucovance aka glyburide aka metformin
OPHTHALMIC MEDICATIONS: Ophthalmic means: pertaining to an eye (eyes)
Many ophthalmic medications are administered by gt or gtt which stands for: drops
Medications classified as ophthalmic antibiotics include: 1. Garamycin aka gentamicin.
Medications classified as ophthalmic antibiotics include: 2. Ocuflox
Medications classified as ophthalmic antibiotics include: 3. Ilotycin aka erythromycin (neonates)
The anterior (front) compartment of each eye is filled with a transparent liquid called: aqueous humor
Compartment means: section
Transparent means: light will pass through.
The force exerted by aqueous humor within each eye is abbreviated IOP which stands for: intraocular pressure
An instrument to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) is called a: tonometer.
Tonometry means: the process of measuring intraocular pressure.
Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) can damage the neurons that transmit sight to the brain called: optic nerve(s).
Damage to an/the optic nerve caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is called: glaucoma.
Untreated glaucoma causes: permanent blindness
Glaucoma is: damage to an/the optic nerve caused by increased intraocular pressure.
Ophthalmic medications classified to treat glaucoma include: 1. Ocupress
Ophthalmic medications classified to treat glaucoma include: 2. Azopt
Ophthalmic medications classified to treat glaucoma include: 3. Timoptic
Mydriasis (mydriatic) means: pupillary dilation.
A medication classified as a mydriatic is called: atropine.
Atropine is also classified to treat: severe bradycardia (slow heart rate (HR) and decrease airway secretions.
A medication classified as an ophthalmic dye and anesthetic is called: Fluoracaine.
EAR, NOSE & THROAT (ENT) MEDICATIONS: Medications to decrease swelling of mucous membranes, alleviate (reduce) nasal stuffiness and sinus congestion, allow secretions to drain and open Eustachian tubes are called: decongestants
A medication classified as a decongestant is called: 1. Sudafed aka pseudoephedrine
A medication classified as a decongestant is called: 2. Afrin
A side effect (SE) of decongestants is: HTN aka high blood pressure (HBP).
Side effects (SE) are: undesirable but not unexpected.
Decongestants are contraindicated for children under six (6) unless: directed by a physician.
Contraindicated means: inadvisable (unwise)
The inflammatory response occurs in response to a wound or injury called: trauma
Trauma (wound or injury) can occur from exposure to substances that cause: allergic reactions called allergens.
Allergens include: 1. Pollen
Allergens include: 2. Ragweed
Allergens include: 3. Animal dander.
Allergens include: 4. Mold
Allergens include: 5. Dust etc.
Signs and symptoms of the inflammatory response include: 1. Erythema which means redness
Signs and symptoms of the inflammatory response include: 2. Edema which means swelling.
Signs and symptoms of the inflammatory response include: 3. Pruritus which means itching.
Signs and symptoms of the inflammatory response include: 4. Increased blood flow (hyperemia) causing warmth.
The inflammatory response causes increased blood flow (hyperemia) to a traumatized (Injured) area to: speed healing
The faster the healing process, the less the chance of: infection.
A chemical involved with the inflammatory response is called: histamine.
Medications classified to block histamine are called: antihistamines.
A common side effect of antihistamines is: drowsiness
A medication classified as an antihistamine is called: 1. Zyrtec
A medication classified as an antihistamine is called: 2. Benadryl aka diphenhydramine
A medication classified as an antihistamine is called: 3. Allegra
Trauma (wound or injury) can occur from exposure to substances that cause: allergic reactions called allergens.
Medications classified as antihistamines include: 4. Claritin and Alavert aka loratidine. Claritin and Alavert (loratadine) are designed to be non-drowsy.
Antihistamines are contraindicated for: children under 6 unless directed by a physician.
Corticosteroids are secreted by the outer portion of each adrenal gland called the: adrenal cortex.
Synthetic (artificial) corticosteroids are powerful SAIDS which stand for: Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
A medication classified as a nasal corticosteroid is called: 1. Rhinocort.
A medication classified as a nasal corticosteroid is called: 2. Flonase
A medication classified as a nasal corticosteroid is called: 3. Nasonex
A medication classified as a nasal corticosteroid is called: 4. Nasacort
A medication classified as a nasal corticosteroid is called: 5. Omnaris
Medications classified to suppress coughing are called: antitussive
Suppress means: decrease
A medication classified as an antitussive (cough suppressant) is called: 1. codeine
Codeine is also classified as a: narcotic analgesic.
A medication classified as an antitussive (cough suppressant) is called: 2. Benylin DM and Robitussin and Vicks and Delsyn aka dextromethorphan (DM)
Medications classified to decrease the viscosity of sputum (phlegm) for easier expectoration (cough up) are called: expectorants
Viscosity means: thickness.
A medication classified as an expectorant is called: Mucinex aka guaifenesin
Sputum (phlegm) is a: respiratory mucus.
Candida albicans (monilial) can cause mycosis (fungal infections) such as: 1. Oral moniliasis called thrush
Candida albicans (monilial) can cause mycosis (fungal infections) such as: 2. Vaginal candidiasis called a yeast infection.
A medication classified as an antifungal medication to treat thrush is called: 1. Mycelex
A medication classified as an antifungal medication to treat thrush is called: 2. Mycostatin
A medication classified as an antifungal medication to treat thrush is called: 3. Diflucan aka fluconazole.
Some antifungal medications to treat thrush are administered (given) topically similar to swishin a mouthwash except the client should be directed to: swish and swallow.
Antifungal medications to treat thrush are also administered as a troche aka a lozenge or pastille.
Medications classified as topical anesthetics for the oral cavity and/or pharynx (throat) include: 1. Cepacol and Anbesol and Orabase and Orajel aka benzocaine.
Benzocaine can cause a life threatening depletion of oxygen (O2) in the blood of children under the age of: two (2.
A medication classified as a topical anesthetic and vasoconstrictor to control epistaxis (nosebleed) is called: cocaine.
A medication classified as a chemical cautery on an applicator stick used to burn superficial blood vessels (such as epistaxis) is abbreviated AgNO3 which stands for: silver nitrate
Created by: bterrelonge
 

 



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