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hip muscle quiz

hip muscles

QuestionAnswer
Iliopsoas Origin Psoas Major: Transverse processes and lateral bodies of T12-L5 vertebrae (including intervertebral discs). Iliacus:Iliac fossa and inner lip of iliac crest
Iliopsoas insertion Lesser trochanter of femur
Iliopsoas Action Hip flexion, Anterior pelvic tilt, flexion of trunk relative to LE
Iliopsoas Innervation Femoral Nerve
Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) Origin Outer surface of iliac crest just posterior to ASIS
Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) insertion Proximal 1/3 IT band
Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) Action Hip Flexion, ABD, IR
Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) Innervation Superior gluteal nerve
Sartorius Origin ASIS
Sartorius insertion Proximal-medial surface of tibia (via pes anserinus)
Sartorius Action Hip Flexion, ABD, ER- Knee flexion & IR
Sartorius Innervation Femoral Nerve
Pectineus Origin Pectineal line on superior pubic ramus
Pectinius insertion Pectineal line on posterior surface of femur
Pectinius Action Hip Flexion & ADD
Pectinius Innervation Obturator Nerve
Adductor Longus Origin Anterior surface of body of pubis
Adductor Longus insertion Middle third of linea aspera of femur
Adductor Longus Action Hip ADD & flexion
Adductor Longus Innervation Obturator Nerve
Adductor Brevis Origin Anterior surface inferior pubic ramus
Adductor Brevis insertion Proximal 1/3 of linea aspera of femur
Adductor Brevis Action Hip ADD & flexion
Adductor Brevis Innervation Obturator Nerve
Adductor Magnus Origin Extensor(Posterior)Head: Ischial tuberosity - Adductor(Anterior)Head: ischial ramus
Adductor Magnus insertion Extensor(posterior)Head: adductor tubercle on distal femur - Adductor(anterior)Head: entire linea aspera of femur
Adductor Magnus Action Extensor(posterior)Head: hip extension & ADD - Adductor(anterior)Head: hip ADD & flexion
Adductor Magnus Innervation Extensor(posterior)Head: tibial portion of sciatic nerve - Adductor(anterior)Head: obturator nerve
Gracilis Origin Body & inferior ramus of pubis
Gracilis insertion Proximal-medial aspect of the tibia (pes anserinus)
Gracilis Action Hip ADD & flexion; Knee flexion & IR
Gracilis Innervation Obturator Nerve
Gluteus Maximus Origin Posterior ilium, sacrum, coccyx, and sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments
Gluteus Maximus insertion IT band and gluteal tuberiosity of Femur
Gluteus Maximus Action Hip extension, ER, posterior pelvic tilt, and extension of trunk relative to the LE
Gluteus Maximus Innervation superior gluteal nerve
Gluteus Medius Origin outer surface of ilium
Gluteus Medius insertion Greater trochanter
Gluteus Medius Action Hip ABD
Gluteus Medius Innervation Superior Gluteal nerve
Gluteus Minimus Origin Outer surface of ilium, inferior to the gluteus medius
Gluteus Minimus insertion Greater trochanter
Gluteus Minimus Action Hip ABD & IR
Gluteus Minimus Innervation Superior gluteal nerve
Piriformis Origin Anterior side of Sacrum
Piriformis insertion apex of the Greater Trochanter
Piriformis Action Hip ER
Piriformis Innervation Nerve to the piriformis
Obturator Externus Origin External surface of obturator membrane and surrounding structures
Obturator Externus insertion greater trochanteric fossa
Obturator Externus Action Hip ER
Obturator Externus Innervation Obturator nerve
Obturator Internus Origin Internal side of obturator membrane and surrounding structures
Obturator Internus insertion greater trochanter
Obturator Internus Action Hip ER
Obturator Internus Innervation Nerve to obturator internus
Gemellus Superior Origin Dorsal surface of ischial spine
Gemellus Superior insertion greater trochanter (blends with tendon of obturator internus)
Gemellus Superior Action Hip ER
Gemellus Superior Innervation Nerve to Obturator Internus
Quadratus Femoris Origin Lateral surface of Ischial Tuberosity
Quadratus Femoris insertion Quadrate tubercle
Quadratus Femoris Action Hip ER
Quadratus Femoris Innervation Nerve to Quadratus Femoris
Gemellus Inferior Origin Tuberosity of the ischium
Gemellus Inferior Insertion Greater trochanter (blends with the tendon of the obturator internus)
Gemellus Inferior Action Hip ER
Gemellus Inferior Innervation Nerve to the quadratus femoris
Rectus Femoris Origin AIIS
Rectus Femoris Insertion tibial tuberosity
Rectus Femoris Action Hip flexion; knee extension
Rectus Femoris Innervation Femoral nerve
Hamstrings consist of what muscles? semitendinosis, biceps femoris, semimembranosus
Semitendinosus Origin Ischial tuberosity
Semitendinosus Insertion proximal-medial surface of the tibia (pes anserinus)
Semitendinosus Action (at hip) Hip extension & posterior pelvic tilt
Semitendinosus Innervation Tibial portion of the sciatic nerve
Semimembranosus Origin Ischial tuberosity
Semimembranosus Insertion medial condyle of the tibia - posterior aspect
Semimembranosus Action (at hip) Hip extension & posterior pelvic tilt
Semimembranosus Innervation Tibial portion of the sciatic nerve
Biceps Femoris Origin (long head) Ischial tuberosity
Biceps Femoris Insertion (long head) Head of fibula
Biceps Femoris Action(at hip-long head) Hip extension & posterior pelvic tilt
Created by: llacorte