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drugs

test 4

QuestionAnswer
infection invasion and proliferation of pathogens
pathogens include bacteria
pathogens include viruses
pathogens include fungi
ant i-infective medications classified to treat bacterial infections are antibiotics
antibiotics are effective against many types of bacteria
antibiotics are not effective against any type viral infection
for antibiotics to be effective against a bacterial infection they must be taken on time and until the prescription is completed
if an antibiotic is not taken on time the antibiotic prescription is not completed the infection can return
the microorganisms causing the infection can develop a resistance to that antibiotic
bacteria are identified by using a staining technique gram staining
bacteria that stain pink gram negative
bacteria that stain violet gram positive
antibiotics effective against many different types of bacteria are called broad spectrum antibiotics
some antibiotics can reduce the effectiveness of an influenza vaccination
sulfonamide antibiotics were the first chemical substances used to treat and prevent bacterial infections
sulfonamide antibiotics are commonly referred to as sulfa drugs
medications classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include sulfadiazine
medications classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include gantrisin or sulfisoxazole
medications classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include bactrim and septra
SMZ & TMP sulfamethoxazole & trimethoprim
penicillin PCN
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include amoxil and trimox aka amoxicillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include principen aka ampicillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include pfizerpen and bicillin and permapen
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include ticar or ticarcillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include dicloxacillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include nafcillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include oxacillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include piperacillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include methicillin
medications classified as penicillin antibiotics include augmentin
staphis a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin or in the nose
in healthy individuals staph aureus usually causes no problem or results in relatively minor skin infections
an infection caused by staph aureus is commonly treated with penicillin antibiotics
enzyme against penicillin penicillinase
MRSA methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
the most common locations for MRSA hospitals and nursing facilities
MRSA usually does not cause infection for those with a healthy immune system
risk factors for a MRSA infection include non intact skin open wound
risk factors for a MRSA infection include poor aseptic technique
a MRSA outbreak is abbreviated CAMRSA community associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
strep can cause an inflammation of the lungs pneumonia
strep can cause an inflammation of the middle ears OM- otitis media
the air filled cavity within the cranium sinusitis
the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meningitis
infection caused by strep pneumoniae is commonly treated with penicillin antibiotics
cephalosporin antibiotics are related to the penicillin antibiotics
cephalosporin antibiotics cause bacterial septa to break down
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics Duricef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefadroxil
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ancef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefaclor
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefazolin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics keflex
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cephalexin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceclor
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics spectracef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefditoren
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefotan
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefotetan
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics mefoxin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefoxitin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefzil
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefprozil
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceftin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics zinacef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefururoxime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics omnicef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefdinir
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics maxipime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefepime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics suprax
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefixime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefobid
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefoperazone
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics claforan
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefotaxime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics vantin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cefpodoxime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics tazicef
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics fortaz
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceptaz
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceftazidime
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics cedax
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceftibuten
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics rocephin
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceftrixone
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics zeftera
medications classified as cephalosporin antibiotics ceftobiprole
MRSA is resistant to cephalosporin antibiotics except Zeftera or ceftobiprole
many people who are allergic to PCN antibiotics are also allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics
a medication classified to prolong the therapeutic blood levels of penicillin antibiotics and cephalosporin antibiotics probenecid
UTI urinary tract infections
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include Garamycin or gentamicin
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include kantrex
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include kanamycin
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include neomycin
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include paromomycin
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include streptomycin
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include TOBI
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include Tobrex
medications classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics include tobramycin
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause nephrotoxicity which can lead to renal failure
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause ototoxicity which can lead to hearing loss
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause Ataxia condition of no coordination
tetracycline antibiotics are broad spectrum which means they are effective against a many different types of bacteria
medications classified as tetracycline antibiotics include tetracycline
medications classified as tetracycline antibiotics include Vibramycin or doxycycline
medications classified as tetracycline antibiotics include oxytetracycline
medications classified as tetracycline antibiotics include demeclocycline
medications classified as tetracycline antibiotics include minocycline
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Zithromax Z-PAK or azithromycin
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Cipro or ciprofloxacin
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Floxin
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Avelox
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Biaxin
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Levaquin
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include erythromycin
NB newborn or neonate
gtt drops
medications classified as miscellaneous antibiotics include Vancocin or vanomycin
VRSA vanomycin resistant staphylococus aureus
VRE vancomycin resistant enterococcus
only 57 cases of occupational exposure has resulted in the HIV transmission since 1981
no confirmed cases of occupational HIV transmission to health care workers have been reported since 1999
the average window period for the HIV is three to twelve weeks
the window period is the time between exposure to the HIV and detection with a blood test
a person infected with the HIV can transmit the virus to others during the window period
the average incubation period between exposure to the HIV and the appearance of AIDS is 2 to 10 years
a blood test reveals a CD 4 lymphocyte count below 200 mm 3
mictroorganisms take advantage of a weakend immune system causing oppoturinstic infections
PCP pneumonia
candidiasis fungal infection of the skin, oral cavity, bronchi, trachea, esophagus, lungs, and vagina
HSVI herpes simplex virus 1 or cold sores
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include cervical malignancy
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include lymphoma
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include Kaposi's sarcoma
HAART are commonly given in combination called AIDS cocktail
a HAART medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HIV/AIDS retrovir or zidovudine or AZT
a HAART medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HIV/AIDS Epivir or lamivudine
a HAART medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HIV/AIDS sustiva or efavirenz or EFV
antiviral medications prescribed to treat the HIV / AIDS must be taken faithfully every day to prevent the HIV from developing a resistance
A medication classified as an antiviral against HSVI is called Xofluza
A medication classified as an antiviral against HSVI is called Abreva
A medication classified as an antiviral against HSVI is called Zovirax or acyclovir
A medication classified as an antiviral against HSVI is called valtrex
A medication classified as an antiviral against influenza A + B Relenza
Dermatophytes can cause fungal infections of the integument
Dermatophytosis abnormal condition of dermatophytes
Dermatophytes tend to proliferate outward on the skin producing a ring like pattern, hence the name ringworm
tinea pedis foot ringworm or athletes foot
tinea cruris groin ringworm or jock itch
tinea cruris can caused by fungal infection candidiasis
candidiasis which causes vaginal yeast infections and or thrush
tinea capitis scalp ringworm
tinea unguium onychomycosis
onychomycosis abnormal condition of nail fungus
a medication classified as an antifungal is called diflucan or fluconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called nizoral or ketoconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called fungizone or amphotericin B
a medication classified as an antifungal is called monistat or miconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called vagistat or tioconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called mycelex or clotrimazole
Intravenous infusion introduction of fluid within a vein
mL/hr milliliters per hour
within a vein intravenous line
IVPB intravenous piggyback
IV fluid administered over several hours intravenous drip
IV tubing rubber stoppers to inject medications ports
IVP intravenous push
an IVP loading dose or bolus
KVO keep vein open
TKO to keep vein open
IV catheter without tubing or continuous infusion is called reseal or heparin lock
heparin is classified as an anticoagulant
a computer that controls the amount of IV solution introduced is infusion pump
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PICC peripherally inserted central catheter
CL central line
D5W DEXTROSE 5 % in water
D50W dextrose 50% in water
NS and NSS mormal saline solution or 0.9% sodium chloride
LR lactated Ringers
lactated ringers is RL ringer lactate
D5/RL dextrose 5% with ringer lactate
TPN total parenternal nutrition
total parenternal nutrition hyperalimentation
IV lipids intralipid or liposyn
amino acids for the body to create protein
MVI multivitamin infusion
PRBC packed red blood cells
FFP fresh frozen plasma
dextran plasma volume expander
cryoprecipitate refers to plasma with clotting factors
cryoprecipitate is used to treat the geneticc coagulopathy hemophilia
Created by: Trixcy_S
 

 



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