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Defense Mechanism

Knowledge Quiz for defense mechanisms

DefinitionTerm
Emotional Conflict is deal through actions rather than feelings (i.e., instead of talking about feeling neglected, a person will get into trouble to get attention). Acting Out
Individual will make up for real or fancied deficiencies (i.e., a person who stutters become very expressive writer; short man assumes a cocky attitude, etc.) Compensation
Person with repressed urge is expressed disguised as a disturbance of body function, usually of the sensory, voluntary nervous systems (as pain, deafness, blindness, paralysis, convulsions, tics.) Conversion
The deterioration of existing defenses. De-compensation
A primitive defense; inability to acknowledge true significance of thoughts, feelings, wishes, behavior, or external reality factors that are consciously intolerable. Denial
The person frequently used by another person with poor organization where they attributes exaggerated negative qualities to self or another. It is the split of primitive idealization. Devaluation
A process that enables a person to split from mental functions to express forbidden impulses w/o taking responsibility for the action, person is unable to remember or is not experienced. Dissociation
Directing an impulse, wish or feeling toward a person or situation that is not its real object, thus permitting expression in a less threatening situation. Displacement
Overestimation of an admired aspect or attribute of another Idealization
Universal mechanism where a person patterns self after a significant other. Plays a major role in personality development, especially superego development. Identification
Mastering anxiety by identifying w/ powerful aggressor to counteract feelings of helplessness and feel powerful. Usually involves behaving like an aggressor. Identification with the aggressor
Primitive mechanism in which psychic representation of a person is figuratively ingested. Incorporation
Loss of motivation to engage in (usually pleasurable) activity avoided because it might stir up conflict over forbidden impulses. Inhibition
Loved or hated external objects are symbolically absorbed within self Introjection
Person avoids uncomfortable emotions by focusing on facts. Emotional aspects are completely ignored as being irrelevant. Jargon is often used as a device. Intellectualization
Unacceptable impulses, idea, or act is separated from its original memory source, thereby removing the original emotional charge associated with it. Isolation of Affect
Primitive Defense; attributing one's disowned attitudes, wishes, feelings, and urges to some external object or person. Projection
The person utilized unconscious thoughts of perceiving other's behavior as a reflection of one's own identity Projective Identification
Conscious defense of giving believable explanation for irritation behavior; motivated by unacceptable unconscious wishes to cope with uncomfortable feelings. Rationalization
Person adopts affects, ideas, attitudes, or behaviors as their opposites of those they harbor consciously or unconsciously Reaction Formation
Partial or symbolic return to a more infantile pattern of reacting or thinking. Can be in services to ego (i.e., as dependency) Regression
Key mechanism; expressed by deny or forgetting unacceptable ideas, fantasies, affects, or impulses from consciousness. Repression
Mechanism when a person perceives self and others as "all good" or "all bad." This serves to protect the good objects, a person cannot integrate the good and bad in people. Splitting
Potentially maladaptive feelings or behaviors are diverted into socially acceptable, adaptive channels (i.e., person who has angry feelings channels them into athletics.) Sublimation
Unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaced by one more attainable or acceptable. Substitution
A mental representation stands for some other thing. This mechanism underlies dream formation & some other symptoms with a link between the latent meaning and symbol. Symbolization
Defense to deflect hostile aggression or other unacceptable impulses from another to self. Turning Against Self
A person uses words or actions to reverse or negate unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or actions (i.e., a person washing hands to deal with obsessive thoughts). Undoing
Created by: Seanbecker