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Chapter 16 Drugs

Deficiencies and Toxicities of Common Vitamins and Minerlas

VitaminSign of Deficiency Toxicities Signs of Toxicity
Ribflovain B2 Mucositis, skin rash, cracked lips, photophobia, tearing, poor vision, sensitivity to sunlight, memory loss, headaches, dementia
Niacin B3 Pellgra (swelling of mouth and tongue, diarrhea, skin rash, sesnitivity to sunlight
Pantothenic acid B5 Fatigue, malasie, headache, insomnia, vomitting, abdominal cramps.
Pyridoxine B6 Skin rash, nerve pain, loss of reflexes, convulsions, anemia
Biotin B7 Skin rash, hair loss, change in hair color, depression, tiredness, hallucinations, numbness, and tingling
Folate (folic acid or B9) Anemia, diarrhea, swelling/painful tongue
Cyanocobalamin B12 anemia, swelling/painful tongue, nerve pain and degenration
Ascorbic acid (C) Scurvy (anemia, hemorrhages, nosebleeds, spongy gums, enlargement, of hair follicies) poor wound healing, fatigue, depression
A Keratomalacia (skin rash, corneal, degeneration, night blindness, dry eyes) Nausea, vomiting, vertigo, blurry vision, hair loss, headache, irritability, skin peeling, bone and liver problems
D Rickets (bone softening, muscle weakness) High blood calcium, kidney stones, nausea, vomiting, thirst, increased urination, muscle weakness, bone pain
E Hemolysis Only in cases of very high doses: bleeding, stroke
K Bleeding Very rare: anemia, jaundice
Chromium Glucose intolerance, peripheral nephropathy, weight loss, elevated LDL, cholesterol, sugar in the urine Skin/nasal lesions, skin rash, lung cancer
Copper Nuetropenia, luekopenia, anemia, osteoporosis, hair/skin depigmentation, anorexia, diarrhea, mental status changes, high cholesterol Diarrhea, vomiting, metallic taste, cirrhosis
Iodine Goiter, hyperthyroisim, nueromuscular problems, deafness, decreased mental function, bone softening/slowed growth. Metallic taste, sore teeth and gums, irritation of the mouth and throat, toxic thyroid, stomach upset, diarrhea, weight loss, tachycardia, muslce weakness, fever, infertility
Iron Anemia, fatigue, weakness, pallor, swelling/painful tongue, headache, difficulty swallowing, fingernail changes, numbness/tingling Cirrhosis, heart problems, pancreatic damage, change in skin pigmentation
Manganese Nausea, vomiting, skin rash, hair color changes, low cholesterol, growth retardation, problems, with carbohydrate/protein, metabolism Parkinson's-like symptoms, (changes in gait when walking) irritability, hallucinations, changes in libido
Selenium Muscle weakness and pain, heart problems Nausea, vomiting, hair and nail loss, tooth decay, skin, lesions, irritability, fatigue, peripheral, nephropathy
Zinc Skin rash, loss of taste, hair loss, diarrhea, depression, growth retardation, poor wound healing, immunosuppression Stomach upset, nausea, dizziness, decreased HDL cholesterol
Thiamin B1 Beriberi (numbness and tingling, edema, heart failure) impaired memory, lactic acidosis, visual disturbances, mental status changes
Created by: cjislas



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