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Chapter 14

Estheticians in the Medical Field, Pivot Point Esthetics

Patients In the medical environment clients are referred to as.
Dermatologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin.
Plastic Surgeon/Cosmetic Surgeon Physician who specializes in the cosmetic or reconstructive surgery.
Plastic/Cosmetic/Reconstructive Surgery Performed for aesthetic and reconstructive purposes.
Chemical Peel Use of chemical solutions to exfoliate the surface of the skin, promote cell turnover and induce desquamation of the stratum corneum.
Desquamation Shedding, peeling or coming off in scales.
Lower PH products More aggressive and considerably more irritating to the skin.
Maximum 30% acid and PH no lower than 3.0 Chemical peel strengths estheticians are allowed to use.
Chemical exfoliation/light peel Technical term for the chemical peels that estheticians are able to perform.
Medium-Depth peels Type of peel using trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and beta hydroxy acids , such as salicylic acid to affect the dermis. Usually composed of 50-70% glycolic acid or 35-40% TCA.
1 Month Minimum length of time direct sun exposure should be avoided after a chemical peel.
Deep Peel Medical treatment that uses phenol to remove dead skin cells; performed by a medical doctor and affects the dermis.
Collagen/Fat Injections Fill in creased, furrowed, or sunken facial skin, lines, and wrinkles; temporarily restore a youthful appearance to the face, or add fullness to the lips and cheeks. Also used to fill wrinkles, lines, and scars on the neck, back, and chest.
Collagen injections Procedure in which a liquid containing collagen is injected into wrinkles or acne scars.
Fat Injections/Autologous Fat Transplantation/Microlipoinjection Process in which fat is removed with a syringe from "donor site" and injected into the area to be treated.
Dermabrasion Must be performed by a physician. Uses rough wire brush or bur to remove several layers of the epidermis and can reach as deep as the dermis. Has a lengthy recovery period.
Microdermabrasion Superficial resurfacing of the skin. Used to treat fine lines and wrinkles, large pores, and rough texture. May take 6-12 treatments to achieve noticeable improvement.
Blepharoplasty Surgical repair of droopy eyelids and puffy bags underneath the eyes.
Dermaplaning Uses an oscillating blade(dermatone)to remove higher level surface skin, such as scarring. Must be performed by a physician.
Rhytidectomy Facelift. Can improve visible signs of aging by removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles, and re-draping the skin of the face and neck.
Laser resurfacing Uses a beam of highly focused light to vaporize the upper layers of damaged skin at specific and controlled levels of penetration.
Ablative laser Removes the affected portion of the epidermis to heat the papillary dermis, which regenerates collagen.
Non-Ablative Lasers Penetrate the epidermis, usually without affecting it, to treat the papillary dermis below.
Rhinoplasty Plastic surgery of the nose; usually performed for cosmetic reasons, but may also be necessary to provide a passage for respiration.
Wound Characterized by a break in the continuity of the skin that is caused by trauma to the tissue.
6 signs of infection Pain, swelling, redness, local fever, throbbing and pus.
Bacterial infections Develop when microbes invade an injured, open or wounded part of the body.
Conjuctivitis/Pink Eye Extremely contagious bacterial infection that affects the membrane that lines the eyelids. Characterized by red, itchy, watery eyes that may develop a significant amount of pus.
Yeast infection/candida Superficial fungal infections that occur on moist areas of the skin.
Herpetic infections (cold sores) Highly contagious viral infections that are triggered when the body or skin is placed under extreme stress, such as a laser treatment, chemical peel or surgical procedure in which the skin must rapidly repair itself.
Ecchymosis Clinical term for bruising of the skin.
Erythema Clinical term for redness.
Topical medications Applied directly to the skin.
Anti-inflammatory medications Used to treat inflammatory conditions such as dermatitis. May thin the skin and increase sensitivity. (Ex. steroid cremes and cortisone-type lotions)
Keratolytic Creams or ointments used to promote rapid cell turnover and exfoliation.
Antibacterial medications Used to kill bacteria and prevent them from reproducing. Include topical antibiotics, such as erythromycin, clindamycin, and benzoyl peroxide. May cause skin to be dry and flaky.
Systemic medications Taken orally and travel the body in the bloodstream.
Antibiotics Treat a variety of conditions. Primary function is to kill or prevent the growth of bacteria.
Antihistamines Inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine.
Accutane/Isotretinoin Derivative of Vitamin A. Prescribed for severe, disfiguring cases of acne and certain other skin diseases. Causes increased skin sensitivity, dryness, and flakiness.
First degree burns Least severe burn, only damages the epidermis. Rinse in cool water or apply cold, moist cloths.
Second degree burns Epidermis and upper dermis are damaged, skin is red with blisters. Medical attention may be required. immerse in cool water, do not break blisters. Cover loosely with sterile gauze.
Third degree burns Burn that requires medical attention, call 911 immediately.
Scope of practice Most commonly defined by state law; outlines the care you are able to provide for the patient.
Created by: BBSchool