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Exercise Psychology

Midterm Study Guide

Define Exercise Psychology The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise activities and the practical application of that knowledge
List the different populations an exercise psychologist can work with Seniors, children, exercisers, elite athletes, average athletes, people who are physically and mentally challenged, coaches, teachers, and fitness leaders
Strength gains, Improved flexibility and cardiovascular benefits are all benefits of Exercise
______ the belief that you can successfully perform a desired behavior. Self-confidence
Identify the benefits of self- confidence a. Arouses positive emotions b. Facilitates concentration c. Affects the setting and pursuit of challenging goals d. Increases effort e. Affects game strategies (play to win vs. play to lose) f. Affects psychological momentum g. Affects performance
Identify the major sources of efficacy a. Performance accomplishment b. Vicarious experiences (modeling) c. Verbal persuasion from oneself & others d. Imaginal experiences
Increase/high arousal narrow attentional focus
Decrease/ low arousal broad attentional focus
Optimal/moderate arousal increase of scanning
T/F Trait anxiety is a personality disposition that is stable over time True
T/F High-state anxiety vs low-state anxiety people usually have more state anxiety in high evaluative situations. True
____ reflects the energy and direction to initiate and maintain behavior Motivation
Identify the sources of motivation a. Person-centered motivation b. Situational-centered motivation c. Interactive personal and situational motivation
Exercise environment, sources of social support and sources of incentive are sources considered in Situational-centered motivation
Identify the major motives to participate in sport and exercise a. Improving skills b. Having fun c. Being with friends d. Experiencing thrills and excitement e. Achieving success f. Developing fitness
Identify the major motive for joining exercise a. Health factors b. Weight loss c. Fitness d. Self-challenge e. Feeling better
List internal distractions: a. Attending to past events (what was?) b. Attending to future events (what if?) c. Choking under pressure d. Over analysis of body mechanics e. Fatigue f. Inadequate motivation
List the PST myths a. PST is for “problem” athletes only. b. PST is for “elite” athletes only. c. PST provides quick-fix solutions. d. PST is not useful.
Identify the three phases of PST a. Educational b. Acquisition c. Practice
List the critical factors that the acronym PETTLEP represent a. Physical b. Environment c. Task d. Timing e. Learning f. Emotion g. Perspective
Person-centered motivation Personal characteristics such as anxiety or confidence
Situational-centered motivation Environmental factors such as a fitness club, social support, or group exercise
_____ are a lack of regular physical activity that results in low energy and poor health Negative physical habits
______are the thoughts or action that contradict a person’s deepest values Spiritual negative habits
Created by: rmart11