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ENERGY

NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 4 GLOSSARY

TermDefinition
Chemical energy Energy liberated by a chemical reaction or absorbed in the formation of a chemical compound.
Electrical energy Energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor
Kinetic energy The energy of motion
Potential energy Energy stored in an object.
Thermal energy Thermal energy is the energy that is generated and measured by heat.
Mechanical energy The sum of kinetic and potential energy
Source Origin
Producer An object that makes or supplies something for another
Biomass Plant or animal waste that's used as fuel
Core The centre of the Earth
Geothermal energy Energy from the heat in the interior of the earth
Harmful causing or capable of causing damage.
Hydropower Power produced by water.
Renewable resource any natural resource (as wood or solar energy) that can be replenished naturally with the passage of time
Non- renewable resource Source that cannot used again such as gas, petrol and coal.
Turbine An engine that causes a bladed rotor to move.
Coal Fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matte
Acid rain Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions
Natural gas A fossil fuel in the gaseous state
Nuclear power nuclear energy regarded as a source of electricity for the power grid (for civilian use)
Created by: jmartinpintado