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Electricity Vocab

Test Review

TermDefinition
static electricity The way the particles on the surfaces of objects act when the objects are rubbed or in close contact.
protons Tiny particles that have a positive charge
electricity When charged particles move through or between objects or materials.
attract When a charged object is drawn toward another object with a neutral or opposite charge.
electrons Tiny particles that have a negative charge.
neutral When the number of positive particles and the number of negative particles is equal.
negatively charged When an object that has more negative particles than positive particles.
positively charged When an object that has more positive particles that negative particles.
charge A property of matter, in which matter is either electrically positive or negative
repel When objects with the same charge move away from each other
battery A device that is an energy source for electrical current
circuit A continuous path along which an electrical current can move.
bulb A device with a filament, base, and tip that uses electricity to produce visible light.
current A flow of electrons along a path.c
insulator A type of material that does not easily allow electrical current to flow through it. This type of material is referred to as a poor conductor.
series circuits A simple circuit that directs electrons to follow along a single path
conductor A type of material that allows electrical current to easily flow through it.
parallel circuits A simple circuit that allows electrons to follow several different paths.
Created by: amhelmke