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RTE 1503

RTE 1503 CHP 1

QuestionAnswer
Axial Skeleton (80) bones: Cranium, facial, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral coccyx, sternum and ribs
Appendicular skeleton (126) bones: clacicles, scapula, humerus, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges hip bones, femur, tibia, patella, tarsals metatarsals
Classification of bones flat, short, long and irregular
Compact bone outer shell, hard or dense bone tissue
Body of bone Shaft of bone, contains thicker layer of compact bone
Spongy bone Cancellous bone, at both ends, highly porous and usually contains red bone marrow which produces red blood cells
Medullary cavity hollow portion of bone. In adult's contains fatty yellow marrow.
periosteum Covers bone except at the ends.
Hyaline cartilage (glassy or clear) articulating surfaces are covered with.
intramembranous bone replaces membranes
endochondral bone replaces cartilage
diaphysis primary center of ossification
epiphysis secondary center of ossification
Classification of joints synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
Fibrous syndesmosis, suture, gomphosis
cartilaginous symphysis and synchondrosis
freely movable joints synovial joints
Plane (gliding) sliding or gliding (c1 on c2 vertebrae)
ginglymi (hinge) flexion and extension (elbow joints)
trochoid (pivot) Rotatinal (between C1 and C2 vertebrae)
Ellipsoid (condyloid) abduction and adduction (ankle)
Sellar (saddle) Flexion and extension (wrist joints)
Spheroidal (ball and socket) Medial and lateral rotation (Hip and shoulder joints)
Bicondylar Movement in one direction (knee)
Back half Posterior or dorsal
front half Anterior or ventral
Plantar sole or posterior surface of the foot
Dorsal Foot: top or anterior Hand: back or posterior
direction or path of the CR of the x-ray beam Projection
A projection of the CR from posterior to anterior Posteroanterior (PA projection)
Anteroposterior A projection of CR from anterior to posterior (AP projection)
An AP/PA projection of the upper or lower limb that is rotated AP/PA oblique projection
A lateral projection described by the path of the CR Mediolateral or lateromedial projections
Supine Lying on back, facing forward
Prone lying on abdomen, facing downward
Erect upright position
Recumbent Lying down in any position (prone, supine or on side)
Tren-del-en-berg a recumbent position, head lower than the feet
Fowler's a recumbent position, head higher than the feet
Sim's position a recumbent position, left anterior side
Lithotomy a recumbent supine, knees and hips flexed
Refers to the side of, or a side view Lateral position
Angled position in which neither the sagittal nor the coronal body plane is perpendicular or at a right angle to the IR Oblique position
Specific oblique position in which the left or right posterior aspect of the body is closest to the IR LPO left posterior oblique or RPO right posterior oblique
Oblique position in which the right or left anterior aspect of the body is closet to the IR RAO right anterior oblique LAO left anterior oblique
Radiographic positioning that is always performed with the central ray horizontal. Decubitus (decub)
Patient lies on the side, and the x-ray beam is directed horizontally form anterior to posterior (AP) or posterior to anterior (PA) Right or left lateral decubitus
patient is lying on the dorsal surface with the x-ray beam directed horizontally, exiting from the side closest to the IR Dorsal decutius position
patient is lying on the ventral surface with the x-ray beam directed horizontally, exiting from the side closest to the IR Ventral decubitus position
touching a curve or surface at only one point Tangential projection
Cephalad angle angle toward the head end of the body
Caudad angle angle toward the feet or away from the head
Ipsilateral on the same side
Contralateral on the opposite side
turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position toward the ulnar side Ulnar deviation
toward the radial side of the wrist radial deviation
lateral movement of the arm or leg away from the body abduction
movement of arm or leg toward the body adduction
radiographic image as seen form the vantage of the image receptor. View
Support and protect many soft tissues of the body, produces red blood cells, and allows movement through interaction with the muscles to form a system of levers Skeletal system
Prepare food for absorption by the cells through numerous physical & chemical processes, and eliminate solid wastes Digestive system
Distribute oxygen and nutrients to the cells, carry cell waste & CO2 from the cells, protect against disease, and help reg. body temp Circulatory system
Supplies O2 to the blood and eventually the cells, eliminates CO2 from the blood, and assists in reg. the acid-base balance in blood Respiratory system
Regulates the chem. composition of the blood, eliminates many waste products, and reg. fluid & electrolyte balance and volume Urinary system
Regulates body activities with electrical impulses that travel along various nerves Nervous system
Allows movement, maintain posture, produces heat Muscular system
To regulate bodily activities through the various hormones carried by the cardiovascular system Endocrine system
Process of epiphyseal fusion of the long bones occurs progressively from the age of puberty to full maturity, which occurs at age of ______ 25
An image of a patient's anatomic part(s), as produced by the action of x-rays on an IR Radiograph
The process and procedures of producing a radiograph Radiography
Upright position with arms adducted, palms forward, and head and feet directed straight ahead Anatomic position
The long axis of a structure or part Axial projection
Why do you take a minimum of two projections (90 degrees from each other) Superimposition of anatomic structures, localization of lesions or foreign bodies, and determination of alignment of fractures
Three projections are required when? When the joint is in the prime interest area
How many projections are required for a postreduction upper and lower limbs Two for checking fracture alignment
How many projections are required for a pelvis study Only one unless a hip injury is suspected
Exams that require two projections Forearm, humerus, femur, hips, Tib-fib, and chest
Accepted way to place a radiographic image for viewing So that the patient is facing the viewer
Created by: Joker71