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Chapter 4

Skin Care Ecology, Chapter 4, Pivot Point Esthetics

Microbiology The study of small living organisms called microbes.
Bacteria Also called germs or microbes. One celled microorganisms.
Pathogenic Disease Producing.
Nonpathogenic Nondisease producing.
Saprophytes Nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter.
Bacteriology Study of Bacteria.
Cocci Spherical or round shaped bacterial cells, which appear singularly or in groups.
Staphylococci Pus-forming bacterial cells that form grape-like bunches or clusters and are present in abscesses, pustules and boils.
Streptococci Pus-forming bacteria that form in long chains (curved lines resembling a string of beads). They cause infections such as strep throat, septicemia(blood poisoning) and rheumatic fever.
Diplococci Bacterial cells that grow in pairs and are the cause of certain infections such as pneumonia.
Bacilli Most common form of bacterial cells, bar or rod shaped cells that can produce tetanus, bacterial influenza, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
Spirilla Spiraled, coiled, corkscrew-shaped bacterial cells that cause highly contagious diseases such as syphilis and cholera.
Active and inactive stages Bacteria growth cycle.
Active stage Bacteria reproduce and grow rapidly in this portion of the growth cycle.
Inactive stage Phase of the growth cycle where bacteria do not grow or reproduce.
Flagella and Cilia Hair-like projections that allow bacilli and spirilla to move.
Virus Sub-microscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within the cells of living hosts, many are pathogenic.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) The most advanced, and fatal, stage of an HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection.
Hepititus B Virus (HBV) Highly Infectious disease that infects the liver. Can be prevented through vaccination.
External Parasites Organisms that grow and feed on other living organisms called hosts.
Infection The growth of a parasitic organism within the body.
Bloodborne Pathogens Transmitted through blood or bodily fluids and cause infectious diseases.
Local Infection Present in a small, confined area. Often indicated by a pus-filled boil, pimple or inflammation.
General or systemic Infection Occurs when the circulatory system carries bacteria and their toxins to all parts of the body.
Universal Precautions Using consistent infection control procedures for all clients.
Immunity The body's ability to destroy infectious agents that enter it.
Natural immunity Partially inherited natural resistance to disease.
Passive or acquired immunity Occurs through vaccinations or the injection of antigens.
Local infection and general (systemic) 2 basic classes of infection.Infection Control
Infection Control Term used to describe efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill microbes.
Universal Precautions Set of guidelines published by the CDC (Center for Disease and Control) that means using the same infection control practices on all clients.
Efficacy The ability to produce results, or effectiveness.
Sanitation Lowest level of infection control. Removal of physical debris.
Disinfection Second level of infection control. Using products to kill or destroy bacteria and a broad spectrum of viruses. Does not eliminate bacterial spores.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulating Agency under the department of Labor that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS/SDS) Provides information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Approves the efficacy of products used for infection control.
Sterilization Highest level of infection control. Destroys all small organisms, including bacterial spores.
Autoclave Piece of equipment used to sterilize articles by way of steam under pressure and/or dry heat.
Chemiclave Machine that sterilizes surgical instruments with high-pressure, high-temperature water, alcohol and formaldehyde vapors.
UV Light Sterilizer Utilizes UV light to kill bacteria in a dry setting
Chemical Burns Damage caused to the skin by chemicals.
Heat Burns Caused by sun, flames, steam.
Electrical burns Injury caused from contact with electric current. In the skin cafe center this is typically from faulty equipment.
Choking Food or foreign object blocks the airway or throat. Typically the victim cannot speak and may gasp or wheeze, but is not able to cough. if this happens you should have someone call 911 while you preform abdominal thrusts.
Fainting Caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure which caused a lack of oxygen to the brain.If this happens you should, turn the victim to their back (if vomiting to their side and keep the airway clear) and make sure they have plenty of air.
Cut, Scratch or embedded object in eye Place a gauze pad over both eyes and secure with a bandage. Go to an eye specialist or emergency room immediately.
Chemical eye injury Hold open and flush with lukewarm water for at least 15-20 minutes. Do not let runoff water flow into unaffected eye. Place a gauze pad or cloth over both eyes and secure with bandage. get to eye specialist or emergency room immediately.
Created by: BBSchool
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