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Antibioticos

Tipo de Antibiotico y espectro de accion

QuestionAnswer
Penicilina Estreptococos, y de eleccion en sifilis. NO EN G -
Meticilina, Cloxacilina, Flucloxacilina Estafilococos METICILINOSENSIBLES
Amoxicilinas, Ampicilina Amplia a Gram - Eleccion en Listeria y Enterococos
Piperacilina Amplia a Pseudomonas y bacilos G -, estafilococos meticilno sensibles y anaerobios
Cefazolina Estafilococos Meticilinosensibles
Cefuroxima Estafilococos, Streptococos, H, influenzae
Cefotaxima y Ceftriaxona G +. Enterobacterias, Neisseria
Ceftazidima G -, Pseudomonas
Ceftolozano Pseudomonas y G -
Cefepima Pseudomonas
Ceftarolina Estafilococos METICILIN RECISTENTE, Infeccion partes blandas
Imipenem, meropenem, Ertapenem G - productores de B-lactamasas no meticilinos resitentes
Aztreonam Solo G- aerobios, Pseudomonas
Vancomicina y Teiclopanina Eleccion en Estafilococos meticilin Resistentes, Infeccion por G + en alergicos penicilina *NO USAR VANCOMICINA EN G-
Gentamicina, Amikacina, Estreptomicina De eleccion (con BL) en infecciones GRAVES por G-
Levofloxacino, Moxifloxacino, Ciprofloxacino G-, Pseudomonas LEVO Y MOXI muy buenos contra S. Pneumoniae y en atipicas
Claritromicina, Azitromicina, Eritromicina, Cocos y bacilos G+ y G- De eleccion en tos ferina, mycoplasma, campylobacter, legionella, haemophillus, s neumoniae
Clindamicina Anaerobicos, cocos G +
Tetraciclina, Doxiciclina G+, espiroquetas
Metronidazol de eleccion en ABCESOS, VAGINITIS, COLITIS POR CLOSTRIDIUM
Sulfadiacina, sulfametoxazol Se usan sus combinaciones con otros, para ser bactericidas.
Nitrofurantoína Tto y profilaxis de ITU no complicada.
Created by: LaloCarrot
 

 



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