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Theories/Approaches

Vocabulary for Theme 1

TermDefinition
Physiological Having to do with an organism's physical processes.
Cognitive Having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding.
Psychology The scientific study of behavior that is tested through scientific research.
Hypothesis An assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested through scientific research.
Theory A set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study.
Basic Science The pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake.
Applied Science Discovering ways to use scientific findings to accomplish practical goals.
Scientific Method A general approach to gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized.
Structuralist A psychologist who studies the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences.
Introspection A method if self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings.
Functionalist A psychologist who studies the function [not structure] of consciousness.
Psychoanalyst A psychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior.
Behaviorist A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment.
Humanist A psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth.
Cognitivist A psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how cognitive processes influence our behavior.
Psychobiologist A psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior.
Psychologist A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals.
Clinical Psychologist A psychologist who diagnosis and treats people with emotional disturbances.
Counseling Psychologist A psychologist who usually helps people with problems of living.
Psychiatry A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, and or behavioral disorders.
Developmental Psychologist A psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, and social changes that occur as an individual matures.
Educational Psychologist A psychologist who is concerned with helping students learn.
Community Psychologist A psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency.
Industrial / Organizational Psychologist A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for all employees.
Experimental Psychologist A psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions.
Created by: tderue