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Alcohol a depressant, it first causes stimulation because it depresses the part of the brain responsible for self-control and decision making, affects brain and liver
Alpha waves awake and relaxed
Animal magnetism a presumed intangible or mysterious force that is said to influence human beings
Beta waves awake and alert
Biofeedback people are made aware of their bodily processes and thus learn to control them
Caffeine stimulant
Circadian rhythm daily rhythm, internal biological clock regulates when we are alert or tired
Cocaine stimulant, works primarily on the dopamine system, producing euphoria and increasing alertness
Consciousness state of awareness, alert to unalert
Delta waves deep sleep
Depressants decrease body arousal
Dream interpretations process of assigning meaning to dreams
Dreams useful and necessary part of our sleep cycle
EEG can be used to teach someone how to control their brain waves, goal is to teach the subject to produce alpha waves
Franz Mesmer established a theory of illness that involved internal magnetic forces, which he called animal magnetism
Gaba helps to carry nerve signals across a synapse, inhibitory neurotransmitter, which means that it weakens or slows down signals, important role in anxiety
Hallucinogens Drugs that cause hallucinations
Heroin opiate
Hypnosis altered state of consciousness in which a person becomes very suggestible
Hypnotic analgesia hypnosis used to reduce pain
Insomnia inability to obtain the proper amount of sleep
Jet lag product of circadian rhythm
LSD made from ergot, vivid hallucinations, impaired reactions, flashbacks
Marijuana dried leaves and hemp plant, leads to psychological rather than physical dependence
Meditation form of relaxation that involves clearing one’s mind and focusing attention
Narcolepsy drowsiness coupled with random sleep attacks throughout the day, person goes straight to REM
Narcotics also called opiates, lead to pain reduction, euphoria, drowsiness, and decreased respiratory function
Night terrors unconscious spells of confusion, screaming, or panic that occur during Stage IV sleep
Nightmares unpleasant dreams that occur during REM sleep
Non REM sleep stages 1-4
Opiates also called narcotics, lead to pain reduction, euphoria, drowsiness, and decreased respiratory function
POSTHYPNOTIC SUGGESTIONS used to create a permanent change in behavior after the hypnotic state has ended
Psychoactive drugs affect a person’s nervous system and state of consciousness
Psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud believed that dreams give insight into our unconscious motives and desires
REM sleep fifth stage, characterized by muscle paralysis, high levels of brain activity, and rapid eye movement, almost all dreaming takes place
Sleep apnea episodes of restricted breathing and choking that last 10-15 seconds and occur hundreds of times throughout the night, this causes a loud “snoring” noise and disrupts normal sleep patterns
Sleep spindles rhythmic bursts of activity
Sleep walking stage 4, moving around or carrying out behaviors while sleeping
Stage 1 sleep decrease of bodily processes and production of slow theta waves(>10 min)
Stage 2 sleep marked by sleep spindles(20 min)
Stage 3 sleep between light sleep and very deep sleep, begins to produce delta waves
Stage 4 sleep deepest sleep, difficult to wake up
Stimulants increase body arousal
Theta waves light sleep
Created by: nailea89326