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180 Days - Asia

QuestionAnswer
What is the largest continent on earth? Asia
Where is the highest place on earth? Mount Everest (located on the Nepel-Tibet border)
Where is the lowest place on earth? The Dead Sea (located on the border between Israel and Jordan)
Which are the two most populous countries in the world? China and India
What is the name of the large desert located in China and Mongolia? Gobi Desert
What is the highest mountain in Japan? Mount Fuji
What is the basic unit of Japanese currency? yen
Which are the two largest cities in China? Beijing and Shanghai
What is the island that lies off the southern tip of India? Sri Lanka
Which is the largest sea in Asia? The South China Sea
Which is the warmest ocean in the world? The Indian Ocean
Which is the largest peninsula in the world? Arabia
Which is the world's deepest lake? Lake Baikal (located in southern Siberia
Which is the world's largest archipelago? Indonesia
Which is the world's largest inland sea? Caspian Sea
Which is the world's longest wall? Great Wall of China
What is a monsoon? A wind that starts from the Indian Ocean and Southern Asia. From April to October it blows from the southwest and brings heavy rains. The rest of the year it blows from the northeast.
What is a tundra? A large treeless plain in the Arctic regions.
What is an alluvial plain? Land formed from sediment left by flood water as it recedes back into its banks.
What is a plateau? A flat land higher than the surrounding area; also called tableland or mesa.
What is a valley? An area of low land between ranges of hills or mountains.
What is an archipelago? A group of islands.
What is a delta? A build-up of soil deposited at the mouth of a river.
Which are three great fertile river valleys of Asia? Tigris-Euphrates Valley, Indus Valley, Yangtze Valley
What is the two continents Asia and Europe sometimes called because they are connected to the same land mass? Eurasia
What is a benefit of Asia's mountains? Mountain springs that provide water.
What is a challenge caused by Asia's mountains? Transportation, getting around. This causes people to be isolated and separated from others.
Where is the giant panda found? southwestern China and eastern Tibet
What are some of the differences between the African and Asian elephants? The size of their ears, the tightness of their skin, their trunks, their backs.
How many large islands is Japan made up of? Four
How many small islands is Japan made up of? Thousands
What are the names of the four major islands of Japan? Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku
What is the land like in most of Japan? Mountainous
What makes many of the mountains in Japan? Volcanoes
What is the capital city of Japan? Tokyo
What is the average number of earthquakes per year in Japan? About 1,500
How many volcanoes are located on the Japanese islands? 150
How many of Japan's volcanoes are active? about 60
What is the climate of Japan like? It can get as cold as 20 degrees F. below zero in winder and over 80 degrees F. in summer. It rains a lot about 80 inches per year.
What name is the northeastern area of China often called? Mongolia
How did the Yellow River earn the name of "China's Sorrow"? Because of the many lives lost over the centuries due to its disastrous floods.
Why is India called a subcontinent? It is a large peninsula separate from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains.
What are India's three geographic regions? Deccan Plateau, Himalayan Mountain System, the Northern Plains
What are three important river systems that water the Northern Plains? Indus River, Ganges River, Brahmaputra River
What are some of the wildlife native to India? cobra, elephant, mongoose, rhinoceros, tiger
What is India's basic unit of currency? the rupee
What is a dynasty? A ruling family that passes power from one family member to another.
What is porcelain? A thin, strong, translucent pottery.
What is calligraphy? beautiful writing
What is to kowtow? To kneel and touch one's forehead to the ground as a token of submission and humility to a superior.
What is opium? A narcotic derivative of the poppy plant from India' used medicinally, but also used as a mind-altering drug.
How long did the Chang dynasty rule China? About 500 years
What artistic skill were the artisans of the Chang dynasty known for? Their bronze work
What metals are in bronze? copper and tin
What family ruled after the Chang family? the Zhou family
Which family ruled for the longest period of time in China's history? the Zhou family
How long did the Zhou family rule? About 800 years
What makes something classic? When it is the best of its kind.
Which family took control after the Zhou family? Ch'in family
What two things were left from the Ch'in family China's name and the Great Wall of China
Which family ruled after the Ch'in family? The Han Family
What achievements did the Han family accomplish during their rule? A calendar of 365 days/ silk cloth, glazed pottery and paper.
What was the Silk Road? It was the road that linked China with the Roman world for the silk trade.
What makes a culture's time period a "Golden Age"? It is when there is a period of great cultural achievements.
What group of people were the most honored by the time China entered her Golden Age? the scholars
What made a person a scholar in China during this time? One who knew the Confucian Classics. Anyone could be one if they studied and passed the many tests. It did NOT depend on family wealth.
What types of jobs would these scholars likely have? Government positions
When was China's two major periods of trading? First during the Han dynasty, secondly, during the Yuan dynasty.
What items did other countries want from China? spices, pottery, silk, porcelain vessels, precious gems, primitive cannons, and rockets
What items did China want from the European world? horses, scented woods, precious gems
What religion entered China during the period of extensive trading? Buddhism, from India
What three religions still remained strong in China? Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
Who were the first to learn how to make paper? The Chinese
What did the Chinese people invent during the Golden Ages that enabled them to have many books and libraries? block printing
What are some Chinese inventions? paper, block printing, gunpowder, magnetic compass
What dynasty ruled China from the late 1300s to 1600s the Ming dynasty
Which dynasty ruled China from 1644 until 1911? the Qing or Manchu dynasty
What attitude did the Ming and Manchu dynasties have toward trade with the outside world? They did not like it. They considered themselves superior to the outside world and had no use for Western goods.
What nation controlled most of the little trade that was allowed? Great Britain
What one product did the Chinese want from the British? opium
Who were some of the missionaries who spent time in China during the open trade between China and the Western world? James Hudson Taylor, Robert Morrison, William Burns
Who were the Boxers? They hated foreigners, especially missionaries and Christians. They got their name from the Europeans because of their practices of boxing and calisthenic rituals.
What was the result of the Boxer Rebellion? The Manchu dynasty grew weaker and weaker. A new form of government eventually took over.
What was Taiwan also called? Nationalist China or Republic of China
What land is nicknamed the "Land of the Rising Sun"? Japan
What name did Marco Polo give to the island country of Japan? Cipangu
What is a Mikado? The emperor
What are daimios? local landlords
What is a shogun? the feudal lord
What is a samurai? the warriors or knights
What term describes Japan's ambition that led to its participation in World War II? imperialism (the desire to build a large empire)
What American naval base did Japan attack that lead to the United States entering World War II? Peral Harbor, located in Hawaii
What Japanese cities were the targets of the first two atomic bombs to be used in warfare? Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What happened to the nation of Korea after World War II? It was divided into two countries, North Korea and South Korea
What happened in 1950 that caused the Korean War? North Korean Communists invaded South Korea and tried to take control.
What was the result of the Korean War? South Korea remained free from the Communist control.
When did Hong Kong revert to a Chinese island? 1997
Who previously had a mandate on this area? Great Britain
What is theocracy? A form of government in which God is the ruler.
What is the Koran? A holy book of Islam
What is reincarnation? The belief that the soul is reborn into a new body.
What is Muslim? A follower of Islam
What is monotheism? The belief in one god.
What is a guru? A Hindu religious teacher.
What is animism? The belief that everything in nature has a spirit.
What is Brahman? The universal spirit of the Hindu religion; it is absolute and impersonal.
What is Nirvana? The Buddhist belief of the ideal state of peace and harmony.
What does Taoism teach? That the most important thing is our relationship to nature. The belief that people should not disturb or control the natural environment but instead live with it and enjoy it. Leads to the worship of nature.
Who is considered the Father of Modern Missions? William Carey
What was William Carey's motto? "Expect great things from God; attempt great things for God."
What is the law of karma of the Hindu faith? The belief that one's thoughts, actions, and words will decide one's fate in the next life through reincarnation.
What is cuneiform? The earliest form of writing developed by the Sumerians.
What are ziggurats? Temple towers like as in the Tower of Babel.
What is a rickshaw? A two-wheeled carriage for carrying people, pulled by one or more men.
What is Yiddish? A language derived from medieval German and spoken by European Jews.
What is suttee? The Hindu practice of widows throwing themselves upon their husbands' funeral pyres.
What is a pyre? A pile of wood used for burning a dead body as a funeral rite.
What is a kibbutz? An Israeli communal farm settlement.
What is a sari? Clothing of women in South Asia consisting of a large piece of cloth wrapped around the body.
What is Sanskrit? The ancient language of India that is held sacred.
What is calico? A checked or printed cotton material which was first manufactured in Calicut, India.
What is a kimono? The traditional long robe of the Japanese.
What is a pagoda? A Far Eastern temple built with its roofs curving upward at the division of each of several stories.
What is hemp? A tough, coarse fiver native to Asia; used to make rope.
What is jade? A highly prized semiprecious gemstone in Asia, usually greenish in color; often has spiritual significance.
What is a junk? An ancient Chinese sailing vessel designed during the Han Dynasty and still in use today.
What are paddies? Rice fields
What is Yin and Yang? Chinese philosophy, that opposite forces that form a whole.
What is acupuncture? A procedure used in or adapted from Chinese medical practice in which specific body areas are tiered with fine needles for healing purposes or to relieve pain.
What is an abacus? A rectangular open box with rods containing beads; used for doing calculations.
What type of painting was the most important during China's Golden Age? The paintings of landscapes.
How would a Chinese artist go about painting a landscape picture? They would look at a scene for a long time while meditating on it before beginning to paint.
Why did the Chinese build their houses long and low? To blend into the landscape.
What is the name of the system in India that separates people into strict class divisions? caste system
What is the Taj Majal? An ornate white marble building. located in the city of Agra, India.
Where was the Taj Majal located? It was located in the city of Agra, India.
Why was the Taj Majal built? For the Mogul emperor's favorite wife's tomb.
Created by: sherrimclaughlin