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midterm_review_all_7

midterm_review_all_classes_7th_grade

SubjectTerm//Latin NameDefinition//English Name
Science What is the last step of the Scientific Method? Draw Conclusions
Science What phase of matter would be the best conductor of heat/electricity? Why? Solids because the particles are very close together
Science Plasma is most similar to what other phase of matter? Why? Gases because they both have no definite volume and no definite shape
Science Why is the Periodic Table of Elements useful? Think of placements and reactions. If you know where something is located on the table you can determine if that element is likely to react and with who with
Science What is the Law of Conservation of Momentum? The total momentum of a closed system remains unchanged after a collision because the momentum is TRANSFERRED
Latin Roma Rome
Latin ltalia Italy
Latin Gallia France
Latin Graecia Greece
Latin Britannia Britain
Latin Hispania Spain
Latin Mare Nostrum Mediterranean Sea
Latin Tiberis Tiber River
Latin Africa Africa
Latin Asia Minor Asia Minor
Latin Troia Troy
Latin Germania Germany
Latin Aegyptus Egypt
Latin Sicilia Sicily
Latin Creta Crete
Latin Dacia Romania
Latin Helvetia Switzerland
Latin Corsica Corsica
Latin Sardinia Sardinia
Latin Nilus Nile River
Latin Oceanus Atlanticus Atlantic Ocean
Latin Arabia Arabia
Latin Lupa She-wolf
Latin I burned off my right hand to show my loyalty to Rome Mucius Scaevola
Latin I was the 1st king of Rome Romulus
Latin I defended a bridge Horatius
Latin I am the twin who was killed after fighting with my brother over where to found Rome Remus
Latin I carried my father on my back when we were fleeing the Trojan war Aeneas
Latin I was a great general but I was killed because I became too powerful Julius Caesar
Latin I was given the name ____________________which means "honored one" Augustus
Latin I was the last king of Rome Tarquinius the Proud
Latin What happened on April 21, 753 BC? Rome was founded
Latin I was the hill with all of the expensive houses Palatine
Latin I was the center of all important activity in Rome: banking, religion, politics Forum
Latin I am a large temple to all of the gods with an opening for light to shine in Pantheon
Latin I was the place where men fought men or wild animals Colosseum
Latin I am the river that flows through Rome Tiber River
Latin I supply fresh water to all parts of Rome Aqueduct
Latin I am the dangerous area of Rome, especially at night Subura
Latin I was a place to get clean and socialize with friends Baths
Latin I am the place where all of the laws that govern the Roman Empire are made Curia
Latin I was a place where 250,000 people could watch chariot races Circus Maximus
Latin One of the seven hills of Rome Capitoline
Latin Sons of Mars Romulus and Remus
Latin Most famous Roman road Via Appia
Latin Mater Mother
Latin Pater Father
Latin Paterfamilias Oldest male
Latin Frater Brother
Latin Soror Sister
Latin Filia Daughter
Latin Filius Son
Latin Serva Female slave
Latin Servus Male slave
Latin Coquus Cook
Latin Feles Cat
Latin Canis Dog
Latin Discipula Girl student
Latin Discipulus Boy student
Latin Vir Man, husband
Latin Femina Woman, wife
Latin Puella Girl
Latin Puer Boy
Latin Parens Parent
Latin Parentes Parents
Latin Libertus Freedman
ELA The repetition of the same consonant sound or letter at the beginning of words that are close together Alliteration
ELA An exaggeration used for effect Hyperbole
ELA the words or phases that apeal to the reader's senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch) Imagery
ELA Mood
Science Solids have a ______________shape and ________________ volume. Definite and definite
Science Liquids have a ___________ shape and a _______________ volume. Indefinite and definite
Science Gases and plasma have a _________________ shape and a __________ volume. Indefinite and indefinite
Science The phase of matter that is free to spread out evenly in its container is________. GAS
Science Name some examples of physical changes. Melting, freezing, condensation, vaporization, deposition, sublimation, cutting paper, chopping wood
Science Physical changes are changes in______, __________, _________. SIZE, SHAPE, OR STATE!
Science A chemical change has happened IF ___________ A NEW SUBSTANCE HAS BEEN CREATED
Science Name some examples of chemical changes burning, rusting, decomposing, cooking
Science A ______ is a homogeneous mixture. SOLUTION
Science What is a mixture? Mixtures are substances combined in no set ratio THAT CAN BE SEPARATED BY PHYSICAL MEANS
Science Energy levels that surround the nucleus hold certain numbers of _________________. Electrons
Science Lewis structures (also called Dot Diagrams) are used to show the number of VALENCE ELECTRONS
Science Horizontal rows on the Periodic Table are called ________________. PERIODS
Science Vertical columns on the Periodic Table are called __________. Groups or Families
Science What is true about members of the same family? (Periodic Table) They have the same number of valence electrons so they behave alike in chemical reactions
Science Name some properties of nonmetals. They are brittle, poor conductors that are found to the right of the zig-zag line on the periodic table.
Science Name some properties of metals. They are malleable, ductile, and good conductors. They are found to the left of the zig-zag line on the periodic table.
Science How is the mass number calculated? By adding the protons and the neutrons.
Science What type of chemical bond exists if electrons are shared? Covalent
Science What type of chemical bond exists if electrons are transferred? Ionic
Science How many electrons are needed in the valence shell for stability? (The most it can hold) EIGHT!
Science When naming ionic compounds, how do we change the name of the nonmetal? We give it an IDE ending.
Science What is special about the Noble Gas Family? They all have full valence shells so they do not react chemically with other elements.
Science What is a solution? When one substance is dissolved into another
Science A solute is the... ...Substance being dissoved
Science A solvent is the ...Substance doing the dissolving
Science What is a saturated solution? A solution that is holding the normal amount of solute at that temperature
Science Supersaturated means... ...holding more solute than normal for that temp
Science Unsaturated means... ...holding less solute than normal for that temp
Science Increasing the surface area of solute being touched by the solvent has what effect? speeds the rate of solution
Science Name the 2 ways to keep a gas solute dissolved in a liquid solvent. (Think of pop) Keep temp low and pressure high (keep top on pop)
Science Define dilute and concentrated. Dilute is a weak solution. Concentrated is a strong solution.
Science How does adding solute to solvent change its freezing and boiling point? Raises the boiling point and lowers the freezing point.
Science Define the word SOLUBILITY. Solubility is the amount of solute that can be dissolved in a solvent at a given temperature.
Science Name 3 ways to make a solid solute dissolve faster in a liquid solvent. HEAT, CRUSH, STIR
Science An acid produces what type of ion in solutions? Hydronium. Written as H3O+ or H+ This program cannot do subscripts or superscripts!
Science A base produces what type of ion in solutions? Hydroxide. Written as OH- This program cannot do subscripts or superscripts!
Science What is an indicator (like Phenolphthalein) used for? It turns color in the presence of an acid or base
Science When an acid and a base are mixed you get... salt and water
Science Bitter taste and slippery feel would be clues that a solution was a BASE
Science Sour taste and low pH would indicate a(n) ACID
Science pH stands for Percent hydronium
Science A pH of 1-3 would indicate a strong acid
Science A pH of 4-6 would indicate a weak acid
Science A pH of 7 is Neutral
Science A pH of 8-10 would indicate a weak base
Science A pH of 11-14 would indicate a strong base strong base
Science What is air resistance? The upward force on a falling object
Science In the absence of air resistance all objects fall _______________ AT THE SAME RATE!
Science What is the acceleration due to gravity on Earth? 9.8 meters per second squared 9.8m/s/s
Science Newton's 1st Law is... ...The Law of Inertia.
Science Newton's 2nd Law is... ...F= M x A
Science Newton's 3rd Law is... ... that every action has an equal and opposite reaction.
Science When an object moves in a circular path, it accelerates toward the center of a circle as a result of CENTRIPETAL FORCE
Science The path of a projectile is always curved.
Science Gravity depends on what two factors? Mass and Distance
Science As distance increases, gravity ________ (Think carefully. Don't rush. Think up) DECREASES
Science Momentum is dependent on _____________ and __________________ Mass and velocity. ( In other words.... how big something is and how fast it is going)
Social Studies Five Iroquois Nations (Think SCOOM) Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk
Social Studies Keepers of Western Door (Think SCOOM) Seneca
Social Studies Younger Brother (Think SCOOM) Cayuga, Oneida
Social Studies Keepers of Central Fire (Think SCOOM) Onondaga
Social Studies Keepers of Eastern Door (Think SCOOM) Mohawk
Social Studies The first people to reach North America came by a land bridge from _____________. Asia
Social Studies 6th nation to join Iroquois Confederacy Tuscarora
Social Studies sacred plant used in Iroquois ceremonies tobacco
Social Studies three sisters corn, beans, squash
Social Studies head of Iroquois family oldest women
Social Studies The _____________ was formed the maintain peace between all the Iroquois nations, and to handle treaties and war matters with other nations. Iroquois Confederacy
Social Studies led the Grand Council and represented the various tribes sachems (chiefs)
Social Studies explains how the earth was created Iroquois Creation Myth
Social Studies led the Sioux best male hunter
Social Studies The Sioux were nomadic and hunted _____________. buffalo
Social Studies represented good (Iroquois Creation Myth) right-handed twin
Social Studies represented evil (Iroquois Creation Myth) left-handed twin
Social Studies became the moon (Iroquois Creation Myth) grandmother's head
Social Studies Iroquois built _____________ out of the wood from the forests around them. longhouses
Social Studies Aztecs built _____________ because of the water. floating gardens
Social Studies Inca built roads and bridges in the _____________ Mountains. Andes
Social Studies Native American tribes adapted to their _____________ by using the resources they had available. environments
Social Studies study of the remains of past civilizations archaeology
Social Studies _____________ dig for artifacts and use carbon dating. Archaeologists
Social Studies study of culture and the development of human beings anthropology
Social Studies total way of life of a group of people culture
Social Studies a written record historic
Social Studies descent is traced through a mother's side or line of a family matrilineal
Social Studies descent is traced through the father's side or line of a family patrilineal
Social Studies North American before 1492 Pre-Columbian
Social Studies period before written records Prehistoric
Social Studies provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, or person (i.e. diary, eyewitness account, census information, etc.) Primary Source
Social Studies exchange of people, plants, animals, and ideas between the "Old World" and the "New World" Columbian Exchange
Social Studies a water-route around/through North American in order to get to Asia Northwest Passage
Social Studies Northwest Passage a water-route around/through North American in order to get to Asia
Social Studies Columbian Exchange exchange of people, plants, animals, and ideas between the "Old World" and the "New World"
Social Studies provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, or person (i.e. diary, eyewitness account, census information, etc.) Primary Source
Social Studies Andes Inca built roads and bridges in the _____________ Mountains.
Social Studies floating gardens Aztecs built _____________ because of the water.
Social Studies environments Native American tribes adapted to their _____________ by using the resources they had available.
Social Studies archaeology study of the remains of past civilizations
Social Studies Archaeologists _____________ dig for artifacts and use carbon dating.
Social Studies anthropology study of culture and the development of human beings
Social Studies culture total way of life of a group of people
Social Studies historic a written record
Social Studies matrilineal descent is traced through a mother's side or line of a family
Social Studies patrilineal decent is traced through the father's side or line of a family
Social Studies Pre-Columbian North American before 1492
Social Studies Prehistoric period before written records
Social Studies Samuel de Champlain "Father of New France"
Social Studies conquered the Aztecs in Mexico Hernando Cortez
Social Studies Henry Hudson sailed for both Holland and England
Social Studies movement of raw materials, good, and people between Africa, the Americas, and Europe Triangular Trade
Social Studies Middle Passage terrible journey experienced by African Americans to be enslaved in the Americans to support Southern agriculture
Social Studies Christopher Columbus First to sail west to reach the east
Social Studies Triangular Trade movement of raw materials, good, and people between Africa, the Americas, and Europe
Social Studies Plymouth (Pilgrims) & Boston (Puritans) are both in _____________ . Massachusetts
Social Studies terrible journey experienced by African Americans to be enslaved in the Americans to support Southern agriculture Middle Passage
Social Studies This colony was founded by Roger Williams for colonists fleeing the Puritans in Massachusetts. Rhode Island
Social Studies "Father of New France" Samuel de Champlain
Social Studies This colony was founded by Thomas Hooker for colonists fleeing the Puritans in Massachusetts. Connecticut
Social Studies This colony was originally settled by the Dutch. New York
Social Studies sailed for both Holland and England Henry Hudson
Social Studies Hernando Cortez conquered the Aztecs in Mexico
Social Studies First to sail west to reach the east Christopher Columbus
Social Studies This colony was settled by William Penn and the Society of Friends (Quakers) Pennsylvania
Social Studies Former name of New York City New Amsterdam
Social Studies Tobacco ended up being a profitable cash crop in this colony Virginia
Social Studies This colony was founded by Lord Baltimore as a safe haven for English Catholics Maryland
Social Studies This colony was founded by James Oglethorpe for debtors and to offer protection against Spanish Florida Georgia
Social Studies another name for the French and Indian War. The_____________ __________ War. Seven Years War
Social Studies Land south of Lake Erie and where the English Colonists wanted to expand and settle Ohio Country
Social Studies wrote the Albany Plan of Union Ben Franklin
Social Studies Representative from the colonies met in _____________ to discuss threat of war with the French. Albany
Social Studies The Albany Plan of Union called for one general _____________ for the American Colonies. (What did the Albany plan of Union entail? What was the purpose of the idea?) government
Social Studies The colonies didn't approve the Albany Plan of Union because they didn't want to give up _____________. individual power and identity
Social Studies Allies of the British during the French and Indian War Iroquois
Social Studies Stubborn British general who refused to adapt to new warfare tactics. He died and was buried under his road. He was General Washington's role- model. General Braddock
Social Studies British Prime Minister who developed strategies to win the French and Indian War. Fort Pitt and Pittsburgh were named in honor of him and his leadership during the war. William Pitt
Social Studies hastily built for by George Washington; he was forced to surrender and it became known as OFFICIAL start of the war Fort Necessity
Social Studies French fort in the Ohio Country at the Forks of Ohio (Ohio, Allegheny, Monongahela Rivers) Fort Duquesne
Social Studies "turning point" of the French & Indian War and the last major battle; British General Wolfe won the battle for the British, but was killed in the process Battle of Quebec
Social Studies signed at end of French & Indian War; England gained Canada and land East of Mississippi River; Spain gained land west of Mississippi River and New Orleans Treaty of Paris
Social Studies After the French & India war, the British were in _____________ from spending money on the war . debt
Social Studies Britain expected colonists to help pay for war debt in the form of _____________ . taxes
Social Studies Treaty of Paris signed at end of French & Indian War; England gained Canada and land East of Mississippi River; Spain gained land west of Mississippi River and New Orleans
Social Studies The colonists _____________ Britain's taxation efforts. (A one-worded answer of what they did; generally speaking) resisted
Social Studies The French and Indian War lead to the American _____________ . Revolution
Science What does the prefix KILO mean? 1000
Created by: MayapplesMay