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AWA ch 9

Dr. Toris

Group 2 or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to influence eachother
Social Roles shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave
Group cohesiveness Qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
Social Facilitation The tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated
social loafing the tendency for people to do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance cannot be evaluated
deindividuation the loosening of normal constraints on behavior when people cant be identified, leading to an increase in impulsive and deviant acts
process loss any aspect of group interaction that inhibits good problem solving
transactive memory the combined memory of two people that is more efficient than the memory of either individual
groupthink a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner
group polarization the tendency for groups to make decision that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of its members
Great Person Theory the idea that certain key personality traits make a person a good leader, regardless of the situation
Transactional Leaders Leaders who set clear short term goals and reward people who meet them
transformational Leaders Leaders who inspire followers to focus on common, long term goals
Contingency Theory of Leadership the idea that leadership effectiveness depends on how task-oriented or relationship-oriented the leader is and on the amount of control and influence the leader has over the group
Task-Oriented Leader A leader who is concerned more with getting the job done than with workers feelings and relationships
Relationship-Oriented Leader A leader who is concerned primarily with workers feelings and relationships
Social Dilemma A conflict in which the most beneficial action for an individual will, if chosen by most people, have harmful effects on everyone
Tit-for-tat Strategy A means of encouraging cooperation by at first acting cooperatively but then always responding the way your opponent did on the previous trial
Public Goods Dilemma a social dilemma in which individuals must contribute to a common pool in order to maintain the public good
Common Dilemma A social Dilemma in which everyone takes from a common pool of goods that will replenish itself if used in moderation but will disappear if overused
Negotiation A form of communication between opposing sides in a conflict in which offers and counteroffers are made and a solution occurs only when both parties agree
integrative solution a solution to a conflict whereby the parties make trade-offs on issues according to their different interests; each side concedes the most on issues that are unimportant to it but important to the other side
Created by: Alexisbru
Popular Psychology sets




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