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Gait func. Devices

Gait functional devices and Trainning

QuestionAnswer
What are the general progression concept on MAT activities? Large BOS and Lower COG.Activities from Simples to complex.Increase difficulty of activity in positions.
WHAT ARE THE STAGES OF CONTROL ON PRE AMBULATION MAT ACTIVITIES? MOBILITY, STABLITY, CONTROLLED MOBILITY AND SKILLS.
what are the MAT exercises progression steps? (11) 1- Rolling progression, 2-prone on ebows,3-prone on hands,4-hooklying, 5- Bridging, 6- quadruped, 7- sitting, 8- kneeling, 9- Half kneeling, 10- modified Plantigrade and 11- Standing progression.
NWB stands for: Non weightbearing ( a 3 point gait pattern is required)
TTWB stands for: "TOE-TOUCH" OR "TOUCH DOWN" weightbearing *pt affected limb is allowed to touch the ground for balance-NOT WEIGHT BEARING IS ALLOWED.
PTW stands for: Partial weightbearing. * heel of involved leg contact the floor- specific percentagem e.g 50% PWB. 3 point gait or modified 3 point gait.
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated. four point or two point gait.
FWB full weitgh bearing- pain is the limited factor for the amount of weight the patient will want to apply.
What are the types of GAIT with crutches? Three point gait, Partial weighbearing( modified 3 points), four point gait, two point gait, Swing to and swing trough and stairs.
Three point gait: 1- Weight is shifted onto the uninvolved leg.2- crutches advanced3-Weight is shifted trough the upper extremities onto crutches.4- Uninvolved leg advances either to or trough past the crutches.
What are the guarding key point control? Shoulder, Bilateral or unilateral pelvis and Gait belt.
Types of cane: Quad cane(SBQC and LBQC), walk cane(hemi walker)
Crutches measurements: 20-30 degrees of elbow flexion, 2-3 fingers width btw axilary pad and axila. 6 inches in front of and 2 inches lat. to the toes.
Measurement of crutches on standing position: subtract 16 in of pt height. Or mesurement from a point 2 in below the axila to a point 6 in in front and 2 inc lateral to the foot.
Measurement of crutches in supine position: from the axila to a point 6-8 inc lateral to the heel.
Measurement of crutches in sitting position: abdut the upper extremities tp 90 deg. flex pne elbow and extend the other. Measurement from the olecranon process of the flex elbow to the tip of the midlle finger on the opposite arm.
Measurement of forearm crutches: 20 deg elbow flexion, the cuff should cover 1-one and a half inches below to olecranon process of the elbow.
what are the types of crutches? Axillary, and forearm ( Lofstrand)
What are the types of walkers? rigid, rolling, Reciprocal, Stair climbing, hemi walker ( hemi cane or walk cane)
Wheelchair Measurements should be taken with patient ... in situated on a firm surface either sitting or supine. Hips, knees and ankles 90 degrees.
wheelchair seat width: Measurement the pt on the widest part of the hips- add 2 in for the seat width.
wheelchair seat depth: measurements taken from pt posterios buttocks to the posterior aspect of the lower leg at the popliteal fossa. - SUBTRACT 2-3 IN FROM THE PT MEASUREMENT.
wheelchair Seat Height: No pt measurement is necessary.
wheelchair back measurement: Height will vary depending upon the amount of the support pt need.
Created by: 161801576