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Buss. Environment 18

Business Environment Chapter 18

TermDefinition
American with Disabilities Act (ADA) Legislation enacted to prohibit employer discrimination based on disability.
Background checks The review of background information by employers of applicants or current employees; most states give employers relatively free reign
Broad brush EAPs Employee Assistance Programs that extend into a broad array of employee problem areas beyond substance abuse
Chief privacy officer (CPO) high ranking executives responsible for monitoring and protecting the private information held by firms.
Consumer reports official term for employment background checks
Drug testing Employer testing of employees for any suspected substance abuse
Electronic Communication Privacy Act of 1986 The only federal level of privacy protection in the United States for employees in the workplace
Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) Programs developed by companies to deal with alcohol- and drug-abuse issues in the workplace; designed to be confidential and nonpunitive
Employee monitoring An employer's monitoring of employees' work activities
Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA) A 1988 law that banned most uses of the lie detector test in the private sector
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) Federal law that governs how employers may use consumer reports in evaluating current employees or new hires
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) A 1993 law requiring employers to give employees leave for family-related or health issues; later extended to protect families of active duty service members deployed abroad
Family-friendly A description of company benefits such as flextime
Integrity tests Tests used by companies as an alternative to the polygraph to measure employee honesty; critics claim they invade employees' privacy by the nature of their inquiries and that they are not reliable
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) The federal agency responsible for overseeing the safety and health of America's workers
Personality tests Tests that measure person's social interaction skills and patterns of behavior.
Polygraph A machine that measures certain physiological responses to detect whether a person may be lying
Privacy Act of 1974 Federal law that sets controls on the right of the government to collect
Privacy in the workplace the extent to which employers monitor and collect information on the activities
Right-to-know laws State laws requiring employers to provide employees with information on the hazards of workplace chemicals
Smoking in the workplace smoking at work
Type 1 error Statistical term for false positive; in integrity tests
Type 2 error In integrity tests
USA Patriot Act Law passed in 2001 in response to the September 11th attacks which in part relaxed privacy restrictions on the use of information about individuals
Work-life balance A state of equilibrium between the demands of a person's personal and professional lives; more and more companies are searching for ways to facilitate this balance
Workplace violence One of the four leading causes of death in the workplace and the leading cause for women; may stem from coworkers or from an outside source
Created by: poolguy84
 

 



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