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Human Body

Body Organ Systems

TermDefinition
Circulatory System Transport oxygen, nutrients and other needed materials to cells; transports wastes away from cells (Heart, blood vessels,
Immune Systems Protects against diseases(lymph nodes, lymph vessels, white blood cells)
Connective Tissue A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects all of its part( ligaments, tendons, blood, fat cartilage)
Epithelial Tissue A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside and out(skin, lining of organs)
Reproductive System Produces sex cells; produces offspring( testes, sperm, ovaries, eggs, gametes)
Organism Any living thing. All systems working together( Human, dog, bird)
Skeletal System Moves and supports the body; protects internal organs; makes blood; stores material( bones, cartilage, ligaments)
Muscular System Moves the body; moves material through the body( skeletal muscles, tendons, smooth muscles, cardiac muscles)
Lymphatic system Helps fight diseases; extension of immune and circulatory systems( lymph nodes, lymph vessels, lymph)
Nervous Tissue A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth between the brain and every other body part of the body(brain and spinal cord)
Excretory System Removes wastes including excess water, unusable materials from food, carbon dioxide, and harmful materials(skin, lungs, kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra
Organ System Two or more organs working together to perform a similar function( muscular system, skeletal system, cardiovascular system)
Tissue a group of similar cells that perform the same function( epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous)
Organ Two or more tissues that work together to perform a similar function(stomach, heart, intestines)
Digestive system Breaks down food into nutrients cells can use; disposes of solid wastes( mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, liver, pancreas, gall bladder, rectum, anus)
Muscle Tissue A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts move( cardiac, smooth, skeletal)
Respiratory system Exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide between the body and the external environment( nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs)
Nervous system Detects and responds to changes in the environment; transmits information throughout the body( brain, spinal chord, nerves)
Endocrine System Secretes hormones to regulate body functions; coordinates other organ systems; helps maintain balance in body systems( pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thymus, thyroid, adrenals, pancreas, testes, ovaries)
Integumentary System Separates the body and the external environment; eiliminates waste( skin, hair, nails)
Created by: Jacqueline Diaz