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Module 22

AP Psychology notes and review

Consciouness Our awareness of ourselves & our environment
Hypnosis A social interaction in which one person (the subject) responds to another person's (the hypnotist) suggestions that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur
Dissociation A split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts & behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
Circadian Rhythm The biological clock: regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle
REM(Paradoxical) Sleep Rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur, Paradoxical- the muscles are relaxed, but other body systems are active
Alpha Waves The relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
Sleep Periodic, natural loss of consciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation
Hallucinations False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus
Sleep Spindles Bursts of rapid, rhythmic brain wave activity
Delta Waves The large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep
NREM-1 Sleep Hallucinations
NREM-2 Sleep Sleep spindles, can be easily awakened
NREM-3 Sleep Delta waves, deep sleep, hard to awaken
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN) A pair of cell clusters in the hypothalamus that controls circadian rhythm. In response to light, the SCN causes the pineal gland to adjust melatonin production, thus modifying our feelings of sleepiness
Ghrelin Hunger arousing hormone
Leptin Hunger suppressor
Coritsol Stress hormone that stimulates the body to make fat
Insomnia Recurring problems in falling/staying asleep
Narcolepsy A sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. They sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times
Sleep Apnea Asleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep & repeated momentary awakenings
Night Terrors A sleep disorder characterized by high arousal & an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during NREM-3 sleep, within 2/3 hours of falling asleep, & are seldom remembered
Dream A sequence of images, emotions & thoughts passing through a sleeping persons mind Dreams are notable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, & incongruities, & for the dreamers
Manifest Content According to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as distinct from its latent, or hidden, content)
Latent Content According to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream
REM Rebound The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation during REM sleep
Created by: hnewma00
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