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Neuro/Abnormal Resp

tone, vestibular

Decreased tone (hypotonicity, flaccidity) is usually upper or lower motor neuron? lower
Increased tone, hypertonicity & rigidity, is upper or lower motor neuron usually? & what motions? Upper, flexors >extensors
Lead pipe and cogwheeling is caused by? Increased tone
Dystonia prolonged, involuntary muscle contraction with torsion &/or repetitive movements
spasticity hypertonic, velocity dependent response
clonus spastic response to stimulus, cyclical alteration contraction & relaxation, common @ ankle w/DF (wt bearing stretch)
neuropathic pain originating in nerve, sharp stabbing, burning, usually traces dermatomes
nociceptive pain @ area of trauma, musculoskeletal - mechanical instability/inflammation/spasm/overuse
patient presents w/vertigo, nystagmus, ataxia, disequilibrium....could be from? vestibular system
ataxia uncoordinated gait
hemiplegic straight knee, abducted swing (circumduct)
spastic gait stiff leg
apraxia inability to perform volitional movement
hemianopsia loss of 1/2 of visual field
dysgraphia difficulty with writing
neglect inability to interpret info
dysarthria uncoordinatd speech
Created by: djbari



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