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RADT 425

CHAPTER 5 - shoulder

QuestionAnswer
Routine shoulder projections are obtained at _____kV and ____SID 75-80 kV AND 40-48 SID
In an AP shoulder projection, the scapular body demonstrates minimal transverse foreshortening, with the medial clavicular end positioned adjacent tot he lateral edge of the vertebral column
In an AP shoulder projection, the superior scapular angle is superimposed by the ___________ midclavicle
In an AP shoulder projection with an internally rotated humerus: ________tubercle in profile medially and humeral head superimposed by the greater tubercle. lesser
What is the degree of scapular body obliquity on an AP shoulder projection? 35-45 degrees
Which shoulder dislocation is the most common? anterior
If the scapula is longitudinally foreshortened, the superior angle is projected inferiorly or superiorly to the midclavicle
The lateral humeral epicondyle is aligned with the ______tubercle and the medial epicondyle is aligned with the ________of the proximal humerus. greater, head
In an inferosuperior axial shoulder projection, the inferior and superior margins of the_____are nearly superimposed, demonstrating an open glenohumeral joint space. glenoid cavity
In an inferosuperior axial shoulder projection, the lateral edge of the coracoid process base is aligned with the ________glenoid cavity margin. inferior
Humeral abduction of the arm is obtained by combined movements of the ______ ______ and ________. glenohumeral joint and scapula
On a patient who has no trouble abducting the humerus to a 90-degree angle with the body, the glenoid cavity is placed at a _______angle with the lateral surface. 30-35 degree
Accurate CR centering on an inferiorsuperior axial shoulder projection is accomplished by centering a ________ CR to the midaxillary region at the same transverse level as the _____ ______. horizontal; coracoid process
For an inferosuperior axial shoulder, elevation of the shoulder on a sponge or washcloth prevents clipping of the______ aspect of the humerus and shoulder. posterior
In an AP oblique shoulder projection, the lateral coracoid process superimposing humeral head by about ______. 1/4 inch
In an AP oblique shoulder projection, the ________ _______ is at the center of the exposure field. glenohumeral joint
How is the clavicle positioned on an AP oblique shoulder projection with accurate rotation that was exposed with the patient recumbent/ vertically
Accurate CR centering on an AP oblique shoulder projection is accomplished by centering a horizontal CR to the ____________ coracoid process
In a PA oblique projection of the shoulder, the lateral and vertebral scapular borders are___________ superimposed
In a PA oblique shoulder projection, the scapular body and the ______ ________ and the _______ _______ form a Y. acromion process, coracoid process
In a PA oblique shoulder projection, the clavicle and ________ _______ ______ are visualized at the same transverse level. superior scapular angle
If the patient's shoulder is dislocated, should the Y formation desired on the PA oblique shoulder projection be visualized? yes
In an AP clavicle projection, the medial clavicular end lies next to the _______ _______ of the vertebral column. lateral edge
In an AP clavicle projection, the clavicle and ______ ________ ____ are visualized at the same transverse level. superior scapular angle
Accurate centering on an AP clavicular is accomplished by centering a______CR to the __________. perpendicular, midclavicle
In an AP axial projection of the clavicle, the medial _____ end lies next to the lateral edge of the vertebral column. clavicular
In an AP axial projection of the clavicle, the superior scapular angle is visualized 0.5 inch ______to the clavicle. inferior
In an AP axial projection of the clavicle, the middle and lateral thirds of clavicle are seen superior to the _______ ______ and the clavicle bows upwardly. acromion process
In AP acromioclavicular joint projection, the lateral clavicle demonstrates minimal ________ superimposition. AC joint
In AP scapula projection, the anterior and posterior margins of the _____ _____ are nearly superimposed. glenoid cavity
In an AP projection of the scapula, the superior scapular angle is about 1/4 inch inferior to the _______. clavicle
In an AP scapula projection, the ______ ______ is at the center of the exposure field. midscapular body
In an AP scapula projection, the lateral border of the scapula is seen without _____ ____ superimposition and the thoracic cavity is superimposing the ______ _____. thoracic cavity, vertebral border
If a breathing technique cannot be used for the AP scapular projection, what respiration should be used? expiration
What degree of scapular rotation is demonstrated when the patient is positioned in an AP projection with the humerus resting against the side? 35-45 degrees
In a lateral scapula projection, the superior scapular angle and _______ are on the same transverse plane. clavicle
In a lateral scapula projection, the lateral and vertebral scapular borders are __________. superimposed
Most scapular fractures occur at the _____and _____ of the scapula. body and neck
Created by: ashollings