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Ch. 5

Physics

TermDefinition
sthenic a body type that is the average or normal body shape and represents about 50% of the population
oblique position a position in which the patient or body part is rotated 45° from the image receptor
body habitus the physical appearance of the body or body build
asthenic a body type that is extremely slender and generally frail in appearance and usually weak
hyposthenic a body type that is slender or thin
anatomic position the position used to describe the relationship of body parts to each other known as the standing (erect) position with the body facing forward, the feet together and the arms down by each side with the palms of the hands facing forward.
hypersthenic a body type that is large and stocky
coronal one of the three primary body planes, also referred to as the frontal plane
transverse one of the three primary body planes; horizontal or axial plane that is at right angles to the vertical axis of the body
body planes an invisible plane used to identify the body in different sections and the location of bodily structures and movements.
sagittal one of the three primary body planes; divides the body into right and left portions
posterior of or closest to the back; used in positioning to indicate structures toward the back of the body; in positioning, used to describe the patient facing the radiographic tube.
recumbent a positioning term, refers to the body position laying down
surface landmarks exterior landmarks that may be palpated to locate specific bones, especially vertebral bodies
anterior of or closest to the front; used in positioning to indicate structures toward the front of the body; in positioning, used to describe the patient facing the image receptor
erect a positioning term, refers to the body position standing
decubitus body position lying down with a horizontal x-ray beam
prone a positioning term, refers to the body position lying face downward
supine a positioning term, refers to the body lying on the back
Created by: Namian3