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Ch. 18

Aseptic Techniques

TermDefinition
Angiography radiographic procedure used to visualize blood vessels after the introduction of contrast material; used as a diagnostic aid in conditions such as cerebrovascular attacks (stroke) and myocardial infarctions
Arthrography examination of a joint using x-rays after the injection of opaque contrast material
Aseptic describes a product or method that is free of microbiological organisms
Atelectasis medical condition in which the lungs are not fully inflated
Auscultation technical term for listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope; performed for purposes of examining the circulatory system (heart sounds, and breath sounds), as well as the gastrointestinal system (bowel sounds)
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, commonly found in men over the age of 50
C-arm x-ray image intensifier; used in fluoroscopy procedures; highly complex piece of equipment that uses x-rays and produces a live image feed that is displayed on a TV screen
Central Venous Pressure (CVP) pressure of blood in the thoracic vena cava, near the right atrium of the heart; reflects the amount of blood returning to the heart and the ability of the heart to pump the blood into the arterial system
Contaminated presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface
Foley Catheter indwelling catheter retained in the bladder by a balloon inflated with air or fluid
Isolette used as an incubator for premature infants; provides controlled temperature and humidity and an oxygen supply
Lithotomy Position (Dorsosacral Position) common position for surgical procedures and medical examinations involving the pelvis and lower abdomen; patient is in the dorsal decubitus position with the hips and knees flexed and the thighs abducted and externally rotated
Manual Resuscitator (Ambulo Bag) a hand held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately
Myelography x-ray examination of the spinal canal; contrast agent is injected through a needle into the space around the spinal cord to display the spinal cord, spinal canal, and nerve roots on an x-ray; the purpose is to evaluate them for suspected compression
Pneumothorax accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathologic process or which may be introduced deliberately
Purulent consisting of or containing pus; in regards to drainage
Serous resembling serum, having a thin watery constitution; various bodily fluids that are typically pale yellow and transparent and of a benign nature that fill the inside of body cavities
Sterile aseptic; free of living microorganisms
Subungual beneath a fingernail or toenail
Swan Ganz Catheter (Right Heart Catheter) the flow directed balloon tipped pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Initially developed for the management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), provides info to rapidly determine hemodynamic pressures, cardiac output, &mixed venous blood sampling
Tracheostomy surgical creation of an opening through the neck (anterior trachea) for insertion of a tube to relieve upper airway obstruction and to facilitate ventilation
Trendelenburg Position position in which the patient is supine on the table, the head of which is tilted downward 30 to 40 degrees, with the feet higher than the head; supine position with the patient inclined at an angle of 45 degrees so that the pelvis is higher than the head
Urinary Meatus external urethral orifice; the opening of the urethra on the body surface through which urine is discharged
Voiding Cystourethrogram radiologic procedure obtained by the use of fluoroscopy and a contrast agent introduced through a catheter in the bladder; radiographic imaged are obtained before, during, and after voiding of the bladder, urethra, and kidneys
Created by: laurendiane10