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Medical Terminology

medical terms

TermDefinition
cardio - cardi/o heart -cardiology, pericardium
arthro- arthr/o joint- arthroscope, arthritis
entero- enter/o small intestine- enteropathy, dysentery
gastro- gastr/o stomach- gastrointestinal, gastritis
hepato- hepat/o liver- hepatology, hepatitis
neuro- neur/o nerve- neurology, neuralgia
hemo- hem/o blood- hemorrhage
hemato- hemat/o blood-hematoma
myo- my/o muscle-myocardial, myalgia
musculo- muscul/o muscle- musculoskeletal, muscular
angio- angi/o vessel- angioplasty, angiectomy
vaso-vas/o vessel-vasospasm, vasectomy
vasculo-vascul/o vessel- vasculopathy, vasculitis
dermo-derm/o skin- dermoscopy, dermis
dermato-dermat/o skin-dermatology, dermatitis
cutaneo- cutaneo/o skin-subcutaneous
pneumo-pneum/o lung-pneumotomy
pneumono-pneumon/o lung-pneumonia,pneumonitis
pulmono-pulmon/o lung-pulmonologist, cardiopulmonary
geno-gen/o creation,cause - pathogenic
hydro-hydr/o water - hydrophobia, dehydration
morpho-morph/o change- morphology
myco- myc/o fungus- dermatomycosis
necro-necr/o death- necrosis
orthro-orth/o straight-orthodontist
patho-path/o suffering, disease- pathology
phago-phag/o eat- aphagia
plaso-plas/o formation- hyperplasia
pyo-py/o pus- pyorrhea, pyemia
sclero-scler/o hard- scleroderma
steno-sten/o narrowing- stenosis
tropho-troph/o nourishment, development- trophology, hypertrophy
xeno- xen/o foreign- xenograft
xero- xer/o dry - xerosis, xerasia
-ac,-al,-ar,-ary,-eal,-ic,-tic,-ous pertaining to
-ia,-ism condition
-ium tissue, structure
-y condition, procedure
-icle,-ole,-ule,-ula smal
-iatrics -iatry medical science
-iatrist specialist in medicine of
-ist specialist
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-algia -dynia pain
-cele hernia( bulging of tissue into an area where it does not belong)
-emia blood condition
-iasis presence of
-itis inflammation
-lysis loosen, break down
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage -rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhea flow
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm involuntary contraction
-centesis puncture
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy writing procedure
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument used to look
-scopy process of looking
-desis binding, fixation
-ectomy removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty reconstruction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
a- an- not
anti- contra- against
de- down , away from
ante- pre- before
pro- before, on behalf of
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after
re- again
ab- away
ad- toward
circum- peri- around
dia- trans- through
e- ec- ex- out
ecto- exo- extra- outside
en- endo- intra- in, inside
epi- upon
sub- beneath
inter- between
bi- two
hemi- semi- half
hyper- over
hypo- under
macro- large
micro- small
mono- uni- one
oligo- few
pan- all
poly- multi- many
con- syn- sym with, together
dys- bad
eu- good
soap subjective-problem with patient in their words, objective- physician sees , assessment- diagnose or problem, plan- medicines, testing, follow ups
types of health records clinic note, consult note, ed note, admission summary, discharge ", operative report,daily hospital note/ progress note, radiology report, pathology report, prescription
ex- out
angi/o blood vessel
arthr/o joint
cardi/o heart
derm/o, dermat/o skin
enter/o small intestine
gastr/o stomach
gen/o generation,cause
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
morph/o change
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
neur/o nerve
orth/o straight
path/o suffering, disease
phag/o eat
plas/o formation
pneum/o, pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
-ac,-al,-ar ,-ary, -eal, -ic pertaining to
-algia,-dynia pain
-cele hernia
-centensis puncture
-desis binding
-ectomy removal
-emia blood condition
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy writing procedure
-ia, -ism condition
-iasis presence of
-iatrics, -iatry medical science
-iatrist specialist in medicine of
-icle small
Created by: gboyer