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180 days - Australia

Around the World in 180 Days ~ Australia

What is a dune? A sand hill formed by the wind.
What is artesian water? Water that is trapped underground with such great pressure that it gushes readily to the surface through any opening.
What is a coral reef? A ridge or shelf found in tropical waters at or near the surface and made up of limestone skeletons of certain sea animals and built up over time by the action of ocean waves.
Who are the Aborigines? The first or earliest inhabitants of a region (especially of Australia).
What is a strait? A narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
What is a basin? Land that is drained by a river; a small or large depression in the surface of the land.
What is a divide? A ridge or other high place where the streams on one side flow in the opposite direction from the streams on the other side of the ridge.
Who are squatters? Early settlers who tried to get land illegally by occupying government lands.
What is the ANZAC? Australian and New Zealand Army Corps formed during World War I to help the British.
What is a boomerang? A curved wooden club that, when thrown returns to the thrower.
What is the world's largest coral reef? It is located off the coast of Australia. The Great Barrier Reef
What is the world's largest single rock? The Uluru (Ayers Rock)
What is the capital city of Australia? Canberra
What is unique about Australia was a continent? It is not only a continent; it is also a nation. It is also the smallest, flattest, and driest of all the continents.
Why is Australia often called "the land down under"? Because it is in the Southern Hemisphere.
To what is Australia comparable in size? The continental United States.
What spectacular natural formation lies off the northeastern coast of Australia? Great Barrier Reef
What are three main deserts in Australia? Great Sandy Desert, Gibson Desert, Great Victorian Desert
On what part of the continent are the deserts in Australia located? The central part of the Western Plateau region.
Besides the largest single rock in the world, what other interesting things would you find if you were to visit Uluru (Ayers Rock)? It contains small caves. Many of the cave walls are covered with rock paintings made by Aborigines.
What is found in the Great Artesian Basin? The artesian water.
What is the water that is found in the Great Artesian Basin used for? The water is used for livestock, agriculture, industry, mining, and town water.
What can be found in Lake Eyre? Dinosaur bones
What sometimes cannot be found in Lake Eyre? Water, because a large part of the lake is dry.
Does Australia have any mountains? Yes, the Great Dividing Range, Australian Alps, and the Darling Range.
How does Tasmania differ from the other Australian states? Tasmania is a an island set apart from the continent itself.
How do the season of Australia compare to the seasons of countries in the Northern Hemisphere? They are opposite. When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, it is summer in Australia and the rest of the Southern Hemisphere.
What are the seasons like in Australia? The northern third of Australia lies in the tropical zone; therefore, it is warm or hot year-round. It also has a dry season and a wet season. The rest of the continent has warm summers and mild or cool winter.
Which part of Australia receives the most rainfall? Queensland on the east coast is the wettest part of the continent.
What is the Australian outback? The area in the interior of the continent. It is most open countryside used for grazing land.
What are some of the animals that are native to Australia? kangaroo, koala, duck-billed platypus, wombat, wallaby, dingo, Tasmanian devil
What are some of the native birds to Australia? emu, kookaburra, red-tailed cockatoo
What two trees are native to Australia? The eucalyptus and at the acacia trees
What are the Australian natives called? Aborigines
When was Australia discovered? 1770
Who discovered Australia? James Cook of England
What name did James Cook give this new land that he claimed for his mother country? New South Wales
What event in American history directly affected the settling of Australia? The Revolutionary War
The new settlement of Australia eventually became what city? Sydney
What event in 1851 attracted a new rush of settlers? Gold was discovered
When did Australia become an independent nation? January 1, 1901
What type of government does Australia now have? A constitutional monarchy
What is the title of Australia's head of government? Prime Minister
Who is the official head of state? Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain
What is Australia's national capital? Canberra
What are the major exports of Australia? wool, wheat, sugar, beef
What is the official language of Australia? English
What is travel like for those who live in the outback? There are just a few paved roads. Ranchers and farmers who are fairly wealthy usually own light airplanes. Truckers use a highway that circle the continent. They pull several sims at once called rad trains.
How do children who live in the outback receive their education? Each Australian star operates a correspondence school for families living in remote areas. They also operate "schools of the air," allowing students to communicate with a teacher by two-way radio. Some homeschool.
Created by: sherrimclaughlin