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Chest/Abd Posit.

Chest/Abdmen Xray Positioning

AP Anteroposterior
CR Computed Radiography
DR Digital Radiography
IR Image Receptor
kVp kilovolt peak
mA milliamperage
mAs milliampere second
OID Object to image distance
PA posteroanterior
SID Source to image distance
Anterior (ventral) forward or front part
Posterior (dorsal) back part
Caudad toward the toes
Cephalad toward the head
Inferior nearer the feet or situated below
Superior nearer the head or situated above
Central middle area or main part
Peripheral parts at or near the surface, edge or outside
Contralateral part on opposite side of body
Ipsilateral part on same side
Lateral parts away from the middle
Medial parts toward the middle
Deep parts far from the surface
Superficial parts near the skin
Distal away from the center of the body
Proximal toward the center of the body
External outside
Internal inside
Parietal wall or lining of cavity
Visceral covering an organ
Dorsum top of foot or back of hand
Palmar palm of hand
Plantar sole of foot
Sagittal plane divides body in half left and right
Midsagittal plane exact mid line of body, equal left and right sides
Coronal plane divides body in half front and back
Midcoronal plane exactly mid line front and back
Horizontal plane divides in half top and bottom
Oblique plane divides body at any angle
What does the thoracic cavity contain? lungs heart organs of the respiratory system organs of the cardiovascular system organs of the lymphatic system inferior portion of the esophagus thymus gland
The thoracic cavity extends from? the superior thoracic aperture to the inferior thoracic aperture
What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity? the diaphragm
What are the three chambers in the thoracic cavity? pericardial cavity and a right and left pleural cavities
What are the three cavities in the thorax lined with? serous membranes
What is the space between the two pleural cavities? mediastinum
What makes up the bony thorax? sternum 12 pairs of ribs 12 thoracic vertebras
What makes up the respiratory system? pharynx trachea bronchi two lungs
Hypersthenic large frame/ heavy set short and wide
Sthenic average
Hyposthenic slender thin and tall long and wide
Asthenic old and frail extremely tiny
What is the fibrous, muscular tube with 16-20 cartilaginous rings? trachea
Where does the trachea lie? in the midline of the body, anterior (in front) to the esophagus in the neck
What makes the trachea shift slightly to the right in the thorax? arching of the aorta
The trachea extends from? C6 to T4/T5
What is the elongated, hook-like process at the end of the trachea? carina
What happens at the carina? the trachea divides (bifurcates) into two lesser tubes (the primary bronchi)
What are the two primary bronchi? right primary bronchi and left primary bronchi
Which primary bronchi is shorter, wider and more vertical? right primary bronchi
Which bronchus is more likely to have foreign bodies pass into it? right primary bronchi
Primary bronchus divide into? secondary bronchi then tertiary bronchi then bronchioles then terminal bronchioles
What do terminal bronchioles communicate with? alveolar ducts
Alveolar ducts end in several alveolar sacs. What are the walls of the alveolar sacs lined with? alveoli
What is exchanged in the alveoli? oxygen and carbon dioxide
What are the organs of respiration? the lungs
What organ introduces oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the blood? the lungs
What are the lungs composed of? a light spongy, highly elastic substance called the parenchyma
The top of the lungs is called and where does it reach? the apex or apices reaches above the clavicles
What do the lung bases rest on? the diaphragm
Are the lungs lower in the back and at the sides than in the front? true
Which lungs is shorter because of the liver? the right lung by 1 inch
Which lung is broader because of the heart? the right lung
The inferior surface of the lung is ________ because of the diaphragm? concave
Which way do the lungs move during inspiration? inferiorly (down)
Which way do the lungs move during expiration? superiorly (up)
During inspiration the lungs move into? the costophrenic angles
What is the depression in the mediastinal surface that accommodates the bronchi, pulmonary blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves? hilum
What is the concavity of the left lung? cardiac notch
What is each lung enclosed in? a double-walled, serous membrane sac called pleura
The inner layer of the pleural sac that adheres closely to the surface of the lung is called? visceral pleura
The outer layer of the pleural sac that lines the wall of the thoracic cavity and adheres to the diaphragm is called? parietal pleura
What prevents friction between the lungs and chest wall? serous fluid
What is the space between the two pleural walls? pleural cavity
The right lung is divided into ____ lobes? three
The left lung is divided into _____ lobes? two
What are the 3 lobes of the right lung? superior, middle and inferior lobes
What are the two lobes of the left lung? superior and inferior lobes
How many fissures does the right lung have and what are their names? two fissures horizontal fissure and oblique fissure
How many fissures does the left lung have and what are their names? one fissure oblique fissure
What is the area of the thorax that is surrounded by the sternum (anteriorly), spine (posteriorly) and the lungs (laterally)? mediastinum
What is in the mediastinum? heart great vessels trachea esophagus thymus lymphatics nerves fibrous tissue fat
What structures are in the mediastinum? heart trachea esophagus thymus
Body landmarks: what is at the inferior border of the scapulae? T7
Body landmarks: what is at C7 (spinous process) apex of the lung
What can increase or decrease the space in the chest cavity dependent on breathing? the diaphragm
What happens to the diaphragm when you inhale? it contracts and moves inferiorly (down), increasing the space in the chest cavity
What happens to the diaphragm when you exhale? it relaxes and move superiorly (up), decreasing the space in the chest cavity
For a PA Projection of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 inch (35x43 cm) lengthwise or crosswise for wide patients
For a PA Projection of the Chest, what is the SID? minimum of 72 inches (183cm)
Why are most chest x-rays at an SID of 72 inches? to decrease the magnification of the heart
What will be the position of the patient for a PA Projection of the Chest? upright, either standing or seated facing the Bucky
Where should the top of the IR height be for a PA Projection of the Chest? 2 inches above the relaxed shoulders
Center the _________ to the midline of the IR for a PA Projection of the Chest? midsagittal plane of the patient
How should the patient be for a PA Projection of the chest? Standing straight with chin up
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the PA Projection of the Chest? flex the elbows and rest the backs of the hands low on the hips, keep shoulders relaxed
Why do we have the patient roll their shoulders forward for the PA Projection of the Chest? to rotate the scapulae outward and laterally to reduce superimposition of the scapulae with the lungs
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the PA Projection of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place L marker in light field on the patient's left side
When should you take the exposure for a PA Projection of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
How should the central ray be positioned for a PA Projection of the Chest? it will be perpendicular to the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for a PA Projection of the Chest? it will enter at the level of T7 or the inferior border of the scapula, in the midsagittal plane
What anatomy (structures) should you see on a PA Projection of the Chest x-ray? air-filled trachea the lungs diaphragmatic domes the heart shadow aortic knob if enlarged, the thyroid or thymus gland
What criteria is important to see on a PA Projection of a Chest? entire lung field (apices-cosophrenic angles) no rotation trachea visible in the midline scapulae projected outside the lung fields 10 posterior ribs above diaphragm sharp outlines of heart & diaphragm shadows of the ribs & t-spine lung markings
How can you tell if the x-ray was taken PA or AP? PA clavicles will have an angle AP clavicles will be horizontal
For a Lateral Projection of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 inch (35x43cm) lengthwise
For a Lateral Projection of the Chest, what is the SID? minimum 72 inches (183cm)
What will be the position of the patient for a Lateral Projection of the Chest? upright position, either standing or sitting, turned in a true lateral position with one side against the Bucky
Why do you want the patient in the upright position if possible? so the diaphragm is at its lowest and air fluid levels can be seen also to avoid engorgement of the pulmonary vessels
Which side of the patient should be against the IR for a Lateral Projection to show the heart and left lung? What is the position called? left side against the IR left lateral position (more common position)
Which side of the patient should be against the IR for a Lateral Projection to show the right lung? What is the position called? right side against the IR right lateral position (not as common unless following something in the right lung specifically)
Position the patient for a Lateral Projection so that the midsagittal plane is _______ with the IR with one shoulder touching the Bucky? parallel
For a Lateral Projection, center the thorax to the Bucky. The midcoronal plane should be _________ and centered to the middline of the Bucky. perpendicular
Where should you have your patient place their arms for a Lateral Projection? extend the arms upward, either resting on their head or a stand
Where should the top of the IR height be for a Lateral Projection of the Chest? 2 inches above the relaxed shoulders (shouldn't need to adjust if doing PA Projection first because the patient's height did not change)
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the Lateral Projection of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place L marker in light field on the patient's left side (or R marker on right side)
When should you take the exposure for a Lateral Projection of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
How should the central ray be positioned for a Lateral Projection of the Chest? it will be perpendicular to the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for a Lateral Projection of the Chest? it will enter at the level of T7 or the inferior aspect of the scapula, in the midcoronal plane
What anatomy (structures) should you see on a Lateral Projection of the Chest x-ray? left lateral will show heart, aorta, interlobar fissures & left sided pulmonary lesions right lateral will show right sided pulmonary lesions & interlobar fissures
What criteria is important to see on a Lateral Projection of a Chest? no arm soft tissue cosophrenic angles & lower apices hilum centered superimposition of ribs posterior to spine lateral sternum-no rotation open t-spine spaces & foramina sharp outlines of heart & diaphragm penetration of lung fields & heart
How would you line up the midsagittal plane for a PA Projection? use the spine as a landmark
How would you line up the midcoronal plane for a Lateral Projection? use the ear down through the shoulder
What is the difference between projection and position? projection is how the beam enters and exits position is how the patient is positioned
When would you use the AP Projection of the Chest? when a patient is too ill, can't sit or stand
For an AP Projection of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 inch (35x43cm) lengthwise or crosswise depending on patient size
For an AP Projection of the Chest in a supine position, what is the SID? minimum of 60 inches (150cm) when the patient is supine because of tube & table restrictions
For an AP Projection of the Chest in a upright position, what is the SID? minimum of 72 inches (183cm)
What will be the position of the patient for a AP Projection of the Chest? supine on x-ray table or a stretcher (IR in table Bucky) upright in a wheelchair or stretcher (IR directly behind the patient's back)
For an AP Projection of the Chest, center the ______ plane of the chest to the IR? midsagittal
Where should the top of the IR height be for a AP Projection of the Chest? 2 inches above the relaxed shoulders
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the AP Projection of the Chest? if possible, flex the elbows and rest the backs of the hands low on the hips, keep shoulders relaxed if not possible, roll shoulders forward & keep arms at sides but away from thorax
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the AP Projection of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place marker in light field on the patient's correct side
When should you take the exposure for an AP Projection of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
How would you make the sternum and x-ray tube perpendicular to each other for an AP Projection of the Chest? raise the patient's body slightly or angle the x-ray tube slightly to get them perfectly perpendicular
How should the central ray be positioned for a AP Projection of the Chest? perpendicular to the long axis of the sternum and center to the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an AP Projection of the Chest? 3 inches below the jugular notch
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an AP Projection of the Chest x-ray? air-filled trachea the lungs diaphragmatic domes the heart shadow aortic knob if enlarged, the thyroid or thymus gland
What makes an AP Projection different from a PA Projection when looking at the x-ray image? since the heart and great vessels are farther from the IR, they will be magnified and engorged lung fields appear shorter because abdominal compression moves the diaphragm higher
How can you tell that the x-ray image is an AP Projection? the clavicles are projected higher and take a more horizontal appearance
What criteria is important to see on an AP Projection of a Chest? entire lung fields no rotation clavicles equidistant from spine air filled trachea midline clavicles lie horizontal pleural markings
What are two other names for an AP Axial Projection? Lindblom method or AP Lordotic
For an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 inch (35x43cm) lengthwise
For an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest, what is the SID? minimum of 72 inches (183cm)
What will be the position of the patient for a AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? have the patient stand with their back 3in-1ft away from the upright Bucky
For an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest, center the ______ plane of the chest to the IR? midsagittal
Where should the top of the IR height be for a AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? about 3 inches above the shoulders once the patient is in the angled position
What is the Lordotic position of the patient for a AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? patient will lean back at a 15 to 20 degree angle so that their shoulders touch/lean on the Bucky their chin should be up and their back should be arched
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? flex the elbows and rest the backs of the hands low on the hips, keep shoulders relaxed & rolled forward
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place marker in light field on the patient's correct side
When should you take the exposure for an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
How should the central ray be positioned for a AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? perpendicular to the center of the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest? at the level of the midsternum (T5)
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an AP Lordotic Projection of the Chest x-ray? lungs and their apices conditions such as interlobar effusions free of superimposition of the clavicle
On an AP Lordotic Projection x-ray, how will the clavicles be seen? the clavicles will be seen above the apices and be straight
What criteria is important to see on an AP Lordotic Projection of a Chest? entire apices and lungs clavicles located above apices sternal ends of the clavicles equidistant no rotation clavicles lie horizontal, sternal ends overlap the 1st and 2nd ribs only
When you angle the x-ray tube, cephalad or caudad, what do you need to make sure? that the Bucky is still centered & the grid lines are going the same way or they will show up on the image
What does recumbent mean? lying down
What does decubitus mean? lying down can be on left or right side or back or stomach
What is the AP or PA Decubitus the same as? it is a normal chest x-ray just lying down!
When looking for fluid which decube position would be the best? affected side down
When looking for free air which decube position would be the best? affected side up
For an AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 in (35x43cm) lengthwise
For an AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest, what is the SID? minimun 72 inches (183cm)
What is the most important thing when looking for free air or fluid? patient must remain in the position for 3-5 minutes for the fluid to settle and air to rise
What will be the position of the patient for a AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? lying down on either their left or right side
If you are looking a fluid in the lungs, in the AP or PA Decubitus and the patient is lying on the affected side, what else must you do? place the patient on a 1 in cushion to elevate the body
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? extend the arms well above the head
Where should the top of the IR height be for a AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? 2 inches above the relaxed shoulders
When should you take the exposure for an AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place marker in light field on the patient's correct side (usually side up)
How should the central ray be positioned for a AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? tube should be horizontal to the floor perpendicular to the center of the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest? AP at the level of 3 inches below the jugular notch PA at the level of T7
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an AP or PA Decubitus of the Chest x-ray? the lungs a change in fluid position or air in lungs
What criteria is important to see on an AP or PA Decubitus of a Chest? affected side in its entirety apices to cosophrenic angles no rotation clavicles equidistant from the spine patient's arms not visible annotate "side up" or "decube"
For an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 in (35x43cm) lengthwise
For an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest, what is the SID? minimun 72 inches (183cm)
What will be the position of the patient for a Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? recumbent, prone or supine must elevate the thorax 2-3 inches to see entire lung field
What is the most important thing when looking for free air or fluid in a Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus? patient must remain in the position for 3-5 minutes for the fluid to settle and air to rise
Which side should be against the IR for the Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus? the affected side
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? arms well above the head
Where should the top of the IR height be for a Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? at the level of the thyroid cartilage
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place marker in light field on the patient's correct side (usually side closest to IR)
When should you take the exposure for an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? after the second full inspiration (holding breath in)
How should the central ray be positioned for a Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? horizontal and centered to the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest? in the midcoronal plane dorsal enters 3-4 inches below jugular notch ventral enters at T7
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of the Chest x-ray? the lungs shows a change in fluid shows areas not seen in an AP or PA
What criteria is important to see on an Ventral or Dorsal Decubitus of a Chest? entire lung fields anterior and posterior surfaces of the lungs no arms showing no rotation T7 in the center of the IR annotate "side up" or "decube"
What are the two parts of the abdominopelvic cavity? abdominal cavity & pelvic cavity
The abdominal cavity extends from? the diaphragm to the superior aspect of the bony pelvis
What organs are in the abdominal cavity? stomach small & large intestine liver gallbladder spleen pancreas kidneys
The pelvic cavity lies within? the margins of the bony pelvis
What organs are in the pelvic cavity? rectum sigmoid of the large intestine urinary bladder reproductive organs
What is the abdominopelvic cavity enclosed in? a double-walled seromembranous sac called peritoneum
The outer portion of the sac (peritoneum) that is in close contact with the abdominal wall, the greater (false) pelvic wall and the under surface of the diaphragm is called? parietal peritoneum
The inner portion of the sac (peritoneum) that is positioned over or around the contained organs is called? visceral peritoneum
The peritoneum forms fold that support the viscera in position are called? mesentery and omenta
What is the largest gland in the body? the liver
What is an irregular wedge-shaped gland with its base on the right and apex anteriorly and to the left? the liver
The liver is divided at the _________, into a large right lobe and a smaller left lobe? falciform ligament
What two things conveys blood to the liver? portal vein and hepatic artery
What does the liver produce? bile
Bile helps eliminate? red blood cell destruction
What is an excretion and a secretion? bile
Bile is collected from the _______ and is carried to the gallbladder for temporary storage or sent directly to the duodenum through the common bile duct? liver cells
During digestion, where is most of the bile routed to? gallbladder
What is a thin walled, pear-shaped, musculomembranous sac? the gallbladder
What is the main function of the gallbladder? concentrates bile, stores bile and evacuates bile during digestion
Where is the gallbladder located? in a fossa on the visceral surface of the right lobe of the liver
Whats happens to the gallbladder in different body habitus? the position of it varies
What is an elongated glad situated across the posterior abdominal wall? pancreas
Where does the pancreas extend from? the duodenum to the spleen
The pancreas consists of? a head, neck, body and tail
The pancreas broadest portion is located at? the level of L2/L3
Pancreas is only seen using? CT imaging
What is an exocrine and endocrine gland? the pancreas
What role does the pancreas play? produces insulin and glucagon, which helps metabolize sugar
The spleen belongs in which system? lymphatic system
What is a gland-like ductless organ the produces lymphocytes and stores and removes dead red blood cells? spleen
Where is the spleen located? just below the diaphragm, behind the stomach
The spleen can be seen with or without _____? contrast media
How many quadrants are there? four
RUQ right upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
What organs are in the right upper quadrant? liver gallbladder duodenum head of pancreas right kidney and adrenal gland hepatic flexure of colon
What organs are in the right lower quadrant? cecum appendix ascending colon right ovary and fallopian tube right ureter
What organs are in the left upper quadrant? stomach spleen left lob of liver body of pancreas left kidney and adrenal gland splenic flexure or colon transverse and descending colon
What organs are in the left lower quadrant? descending colon sigmoid colon left ovary and fallopian tube left ureter
How many regions of the abdomen are there? 9
Body landmark: iliac crest level of L4
Body landmark: greater trochanter level of pubic symphysis
What can increase or decrease the space in the abdominal cavity dependent on breathing? the diaphragm
What happens to the diaphragm (and the abdomen) when you inhale? it contracts and moves inferiorly (down), decreasing the space in the abdomen pushes abdominal contents down
What happens to the diaphragm (and the abdomen) when you exhale? it relaxes and moves superiorly (up), increasing the space in the abdominal cavity
What is a major factor when imaging the abdomen? the wide range in the thicknesses
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
ASP abdominal single position
Flat Plate another name for an abdominal x-ray
ATP abdomen two position
Supine Abd. 1 view supine
Upright Abd. 1 view upright
2 Pos. 2 view abdomen
How would you position the IR for an obese patient? either 4 separate x-rays of the 4 quadrants or 2 crosswise
For an AP Projection of the Abdomen, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 in (35x43cm) lengthwise
For an AP Projection of the Abdomen, what is the SID? 40 inches (100cm)
What will be the position of the patient for an AP Projection of the Abdomen? supine or upright
For an AP Projection of the Abdomen, center the ______ plane of the body to the IR? midsagittal
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the AP Projection of the Abdomen? arms should be away, not in the light field
How should you support the patient in a supine position for the AP Projection of the Abdomen? place a cushion under the knees to relieve strain
How should you have your patient when in the upright position for the AP Projection of the Abdomen? standing, distribute weight equally on the feet
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the AP Projection of the Abdomen? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place correct marker on the IR or patients hip
When should you take the exposure for an AP Projection of the Abdomen? after the end of expiration (breathing out, hold out)
How should the central ray be positioned for an AP Projection of the Abdomen? supine- perpendicular to the IR upright- horizontal
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an AP Projection of the Abdomen? supine-level of iliac crests upright- 2 inches above level of iliac crests
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an AP Projection of the Abdomen? size and shape of the livver the spleen kidneys intra-abdominal calcifications tumor masses psoas muscle
What criteria is important to see on an AP Projection of the Abdomen? pubic symphysis to upper abdomen centered spine pelvis equidistant to sides of image no rotation soft tissue showing psoas muscle, lower border of liver, kidneys transverse processes of L-spine marker visible upright-annotated
For an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 in (35x43cm) crosswise
For an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen, what is the SID? 40 in (100cm)
What will be the position of the patient for an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? left lateral decubitus position - left side down use a cushion to get the patient off the table flex the knees to provide stabilization
Why is the left side usually down for the Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? because the air fluid levels, stomach gets in the way of seeing
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? patient's arms must be above the head
How long must the patients lay in the position for the air to rise and fluid to settle? 3 to 5 minutes
For an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen, adjust so that the long axis of the IR is centered to the ______ plane? midsagittal
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place correct marker on the IR
When should you take the exposure for an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? after the end of expiration (breathing out, hold out)
How should the central ray be positioned for an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? directed horizontal and perpendicular to the midpoint of the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? at the level of the iliac crests or 2 inches above
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? size and shape of liver spleen kidneys free-air and air fluid levels* most valuable
What criteria is important to see on an AP or PA Lateral Decubitus of the Abdomen? diaphragms to pubic symphysis both sides of abdomen no rotation annotation of which side is up
For a Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen, what size image receptor would you use? 14 x 17 in (35x43cm) crosswise
For an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen, what is the SID? 40 in (100cm)
What will be the position of the patient for an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? patient is supine with IR on left or right side flex the knees for stability
What should you have the patient do with their arms for the Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? arms above head
For an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen, adjust so that the long axis of the IR is centered to the ______ plane? midcoronal
What is the last thing you must do before stepping out of the room for the Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? place a lead shield between the x-ray tube and patient to protect gonads place correct marker on the IR
When should you take the exposure for an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? after the end of expiration (breathing out, hold out)
How should the central ray be positioned for an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? directed horizontal and perpendicular to the center of the IR
Where will the central ray enter the patient for an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? entering at the midcornonal plane, 2 inches above the level of the iliac crests
What anatomy (structures) should you see on an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? anterior and posterior of the abdomen prevertebral spaces air-fluid levels
What criteria is important to see on an Dorsal Decubitus of the Abdomen? diaphragm without motion entire abdomen and organs air-fluid levels
How long should the patient be laying in the dorsal decubitus position before exposure? 3-5 minutes
Created by: hrivera1130