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Organelle Review

Honors Bio::Hansen

TermDefinition
Prokaryotes - Have a cell membrane - Ribosomes - Cytoplasm - DNA - No nuclei - DNA is free-floating in cell - Single celled organisms (Bacteria and Archaebacteria) - No membrane bound organelles - Smaller in size - Simple
Eukaryotes - Have a cell membrane - Ribosomes - Cytoplasm - DNA - Nuclei - DNA held in nuclei - Some single celled some multiple (Plant, animal, fungi and protist) - Membrane bound organelles - Larger in size - Complex
Cell (Plasma) Membrane - Regulates what goes in and out of a cell- - Semi-permeable
Cytoplasm Gel like fluid that allows cell structures to communicate with each other
Ribosome - Synthesizes proteins - Can be free or attached
Cell Wall - Provides protection and support - Makes the cell rigid
Nucleus - Control center of the cell giving directions on how the cell should be run - Holds DNA (Codes for proteins) - Nucleolus (Makes ribosomes)
Mitochondria Responsible for cellular respiration O2+C6H12O6→ CO2+H2O+ATP
Chloroplast Responsible for doing photosynthesis CO2+H2O+ Light energy→ O2+C6H12O6
Vacuole - Storage for mainly waste products but also food, water, gases, and nutrients - Smaller, temporary vacuoles in animal cells - Larger, permanent vacuoles in plant cells
Golgi Bodies (Apparatuses) Modifies, sorts, packages and gets material ready to be shipped
Endoplasmic Reticulum - Assembles cell membranes and exports protein and other molecules - Rough ER has attached ribosomes - Smooth ER had no ribosomes
Lysosome Responsible for intracellular digestion.
Centriole Found in animal cells and is important for cell division
Vesicle Carries molecules to the Golgi bodies for modification through the cytoplasm and then out of the cell through the cell membrane
Created by: 8634361