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Geography Key Terms

#1 Tools of Geography

geography study of human and nonhuman features
cardinal directions north, south, east, west
sphere round shaped body
latitude distance north or south of the Equator measured in degrees
degrees unit that measures angles
hemisphere one half of Earth
longitude distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degrees
absolute location location exact position on Earth in terms of latitude and longitude
relative location location of a place relative to another place
place mix of human and nonhuman features at a given location
movement how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another
human-environment interaction how people affect their environment and how their environment affects them
scale relative size
aerial photograph photographic image of Earth's surface taken from the air
satellite image picture of Earth's surface taken from a satellite in orbit
geographic information system (GIS) computer-based system that stores and uses information linked to geographic locations
distortion loss of accuracy
projection way to map Earth on a flat surface
key section of a map that explains the map's symbols and shading
locator map section of a map that shows a larger area than the main map
scale bar section of a map that shows how much distance on the map represents a given distance on the land
compass rose diagram of a compass showing direction
physical map map that shows physical, or natural, features
elevation height above sea level
political map map that shows political units, such as countries or states
special-purpose map map that shows the location or distribution of human or physical features
Created by: westfahl