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Geography Key Terms

#0 Landforms and Water Features

basin an area that is lower than surrounding land areas; some basins are filled with water
bay a part of a larger body of water that extends into the land
butte a small, high, flat-topped landform with cliff-like sides
canyon a deep, narrow valley with steep sides; often has a stream flowing through it
cataract a large waterfall or steep rapids
delta a plain at the mouth of a river, often triangular in shape, formed when material is deposited by flowing water
flood plain a broad plain on either side of a river, formed when sediment settle during floods
glacier a huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice
hill an area that rises above surrounding land and has a rounded top; lower and usually less steep than a mountain
island an area of land completely surrounded by water
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas of land
mesa a high, flat-topped landform with cliff-like sides; larger than a butte
mountain a landform that rises at least 2,000 feet (610 meters) above surrounding land; usually wide at the bottom and rising to a narrow peak or ridge
mountain pass a gap between mountains
peninsula an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by an isthmus
plain a large area of flat or gently rolling land
plateau a large, flat area that rises above the surrounding land; at least one side has a steep slope
river mouth the point where a river enters a lake or sea
strait a narrow stretch of water that connects two larger bodies of water
tributary a river or stream that flows into a larger river
valley a low stretch of land between mountains or hills; land that is drained by a river
volcano an opening in Earth's surface through which molten rock, ash, and gases from Earth's interior escape
Created by: westfahl